Brian J Mainland

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OBJECTIVE The clock drawing test (CDT) is a widely used cognitive screening tool that has been well accepted among clinicians and patients for its ease of use and short administration time. Although there is ample interest in the CDT as a screening instrument, there remains a range of CDT administration and scoring systems with no consensus on which system(More)
INTRODUCTION Empirical research has converged to support the concurrent association between social difficulties and psychiatric symptoms; yet, longitudinal associations between interpersonal problems and treatment outcome require clarification. The current investigation evaluated the influence of interpersonal problems assessed prior to treatment on(More)
The development of anxiety disorders after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a strong predictor of social, personal, and work dysfunction; nevertheless, the emergence of anxiety has been largely unexplored and poorly understood in the context of TBI. This article provides an overview of the limited published research to date on anxiety disorders that are(More)
Identification of individuals who will eventually develop dementia is critical for early intervention, treatment, and care planning. The clock drawing test (CDT) is a widely used cognitive screening tool that has been well accepted among clinicians and patients for its ease of use and short administration time. This review explores the value of the CDT for(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown the clock-drawing test (CDT) to be a useful screening test that differentiates between normal, elderly populations, and those diagnosed with dementia. However, the results of studies which have looked at the utility of the CDT to help differentiate Alzheimer's disease (AD) from other dementias have been conflicting. The purpose(More)
The lucid interval is a long-held legal concept widely accepted in case law as a possible means of countering a challenge to testamentary and related capacities. In parallel, the clinical phenomenon of cognitive fluctuations has been considered a common element of several neurodegenerative disorders (dementias), including Alzheimer Disease, but is(More)
2007;55(Suppl 2):S464–S487. 3. Quandelacy TM, Viboud C, Charu V et al. Ageand sex-related risk factors for influenza-associated mortality in the United States between 1997– 2007. Am J Epidemiol 2014;179:156–167. 4. Brandeis GH, Berlowitz DR, Coughlin N. Mortality associated with an influenza outbreak on a dementia care unit. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the nature and frequency of cognitive fluctuations (CFs) among institutionalized persons with dementia. METHOD A clinical interview and a medical chart review were conducted, and 55 patients were assigned a specific dementia diagnosis. The Severe Impairment Battery (SIB) was administered to assess cognitive function, and the Dementia(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive fluctuations (CFs) occur commonly in dementia of all types. While it is generally accepted that CFs can affect the clinical rating of dementia severity and neuropsychological performance, little is known about their impact on patients' activities of daily living (ADLs) and quality of life (QOL). Our study aims to explore the impact of(More)
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