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We tested the pathogenic role of O2-) radicals in excitotoxic injury. Inactivation of the TCA cycle enzyme, aconitase, was used as a marker of intracellular O2- levels, and a porphyrin SOD mimetic was used to scavenge O2-. The selective, reversible, and SOD-sensitive inactivation of aconitase by known O2- generators was used to validate aconitase activity(More)
The mitochondrial respiratory chain is a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are responsible for oxidative modification of biomolecules, including proteins. Due to its association with mitochondrial DNA, DNA polymerase gamma (pol gamma) is in an environment to be oxidized by hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals that may be generated in the(More)
Mitochondria are considered major generators of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) which are implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). We have recently shown that isolated mitochondria consume hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) in a substrate- and respiration-dependent manner predominantly via the(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disease in which the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is strongly implicated. The presence of oxidative stress has been detected in human and experimental PD using both direct and indirect indices. Scavenging ROS is, therefore, an important therapeutic avenue for the treatment of PD. Manganic(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking tobacco is a leading cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but although the majority of COPD cases can be directly related to smoking, only a quarter of smokers actually develop the disease. A potential reason for the disparity between smoking and COPD may involve an individual's ability to mount a protective adaptive(More)
A number of inflammatory lung diseases have abnormally low glutathione (GSH) levels in the airway fluids. Lung macrophages are common mediators of inflammation, make up the majority of cells that are found in the airway epithelial lining fluid (ELF), and are commonly elevated in many lung diseases. Several animal models with altered ELF GSH levels are(More)
Cognitive dysfunction is an important comorbidity of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). However, no targeted therapies are available and the mechanisms underlying cognitive impairment, specifically deficits in learning and memory associated with TLE remain unknown. Oxidative stress is known to occur in the pathogenesis of TLE but its functional role remains to(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to chlorine (Cl2) causes airway injury, characterized by oxidative damage, an influx of inflammatory cells and airway hyperresponsiveness. We hypothesized that Cl2-induced airway injury may be attenuated by antioxidant treatment, even after the initial injury. METHODS Balb/C mice were exposed to Cl2 gas (100 ppm) for 5 mins, an(More)
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