Learn More
Human oocyte development was evaluated after a reduced time exposure to spermatozoa in vitro. A total of 119 patients were assigned to two study groups in a randomized prospective study in which each patient's oocytes were exposed to spermatozoa for either 1 h (group 1 - 58 patients) or the standard 16 h incubation period (group 2 - 61 patients). The(More)
The relationship between advanced maternal age and increased risk of trisomic offspring is well known clinically but not clearly understood at the level of the oocyte. A total of 383 oocytes that failed fertilization from 107 patients undergoing in vitro fertilization were analyzed by FISH using X-, 18-, and 13/21-chromosome probes simultaneously. The(More)
Mitochondria play a vital role in the metabolism of energy-containing compounds in the oocyte cytoplasm to provide adenosine trisphosphate for fertilization and preimplantation embryo development. In this study, ratiometric confocal microscopy with the mitochondrion-specific membrane potential-sensitive fluorescence dye JC-1(More)
We have used fluorescence techniques to study the regulation of intracellular pH during fertilization and preimplantation embryo development in human oocytes. The intracellular pH of human oocytes during maturation and fertilization was always 7.4, suggesting that these processes do not involve long-term changes in intracellular pH. The recovery of(More)
BACKGROUND There are few data in the literature regarding the utility of metfomin before and during gonadotrophin administration in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of the pre-treatment and co-administration of metformin in infertile PCOS women treated with controlled ovarian stimulation(More)
Using the whole cell clamp technique, we have measured calcium-dependent currents and steady-state conductance in early sea urchin blastomeres. The calcium currents in M phase decreased from 8.5 microA/cm2 at the four-cell stage to 5.4 microA/cm2 at the eight-cell stage. In 16-cell stage embryos, calcium currents were 7.4 microA/cm2 in the mesomeres, 2.3(More)
According to worldwide statistics, between one in four and one in five couples have fertility problems. These problems are equally distributed between males and females. Modern lifestyle has obviously increased these problems: endocrine-disrupting chemicals, such as plastic polymer catalysts, alkylphenols, phthalates and so on, and cosmetic additives seem(More)
A preliminary study on intercellular communicative devices in the early human embryo has been made using dye-coupling techniques and electron microscopy (EM). Lucifer yellow injected into single blastomeres of embryos at the 4-cell stage up to the late morula stage did not spread to neighbouring cells, indicating that gap junctions and cytoplasmic bridges(More)
  • B Dale
  • 1987
Using the whole-cell voltage clamp technique, experiments were carried out on ascidian eggs to determine the role of intracellular Ca in the gating of fertilization channels. Raising the level of Ca by adding Ca to the intracellular perfusion medium or by loading the egg cortex (greater than 50 microM) with Ca through voltage gated channels did not lead to(More)
In the human morula, tight junctions are found between all cell pairs, at all levels of cellular apposition, associated with underlying masses of microfilaments. In cavitating morula, lanthanum tracer gained access to the intracellular spaces, except at the intersections with nascent extracellular cavities, marking the first assembly of zonulae occludentes.(More)