Brian J Dale

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The relationship between advanced maternal age and increased risk of trisomic offspring is well known clinically but not clearly understood at the level of the oocyte. A total of 383 oocytes that failed fertilization from 107 patients undergoing in vitro fertilization were analyzed by FISH using X-, 18-, and 13/21-chromosome probes simultaneously. The(More)
Incidences of chemical air contamination (CAC) are common in assisted reproductive technology, but not reported in peer review format. Justified fear of car and industrial emissions clearly exists among reproductive specialists, but standards for air contents and gaseous emission limits have not been reported. Here, we describe air sampling methods and(More)
Mitochondria play a vital role in the metabolism of energy-containing compounds in the oocyte cytoplasm to provide adenosine trisphosphate for fertilization and preimplantation embryo development. In this study, ratiometric confocal microscopy with the mitochondrion-specific membrane potential-sensitive fluorescence dye JC-1(More)
The genome of all cells is protected at all times by mechanisms collectively known as DNA repair activity (DRA). Such activity is particularly important at the beginning of human life, i.e. at fertilization, immediately after and at the very onset of embryonic development. DRA in early development is, by definition, of maternal origin: the transcripts(More)
Human oocyte development was evaluated after a reduced time exposure to spermatozoa in vitro. A total of 119 patients were assigned to two study groups in a randomized prospective study in which each patient's oocytes were exposed to spermatozoa for either 1 h (group 1 - 58 patients) or the standard 16 h incubation period (group 2 - 61 patients). The(More)
We used computer assisted sperm selection (MSOME) during cycles of intracytoplasmic sperm injection to test whether this technique improves results over traditional ICSI protocols. We also used the TUNEL assay to test whether MSOME could deselect physiologically abnormal spermatozoa. Individual spermatozoa were examined with MSOME. Normal and abnormal(More)
We have used fluorescence techniques to study the regulation of intracellular pH during fertilization and preimplantation embryo development in human oocytes. The intracellular pH of human oocytes during maturation and fertilization was always 7.4, suggesting that these processes do not involve long-term changes in intracellular pH. The recovery of(More)
In this work, we describe a system for the morphological scoring of human oocytes prior to fertilisation and use this system to test whether oocyte morphology is an indicator of fertilisation, embryo development and implantation potential. The study is a prospective trial of the use of oocyte morphological scores in 822 patients undergoing their first cycle(More)
We have used ratiometric confocal microscopy and three fluorescence techniques to study the distribution and activity of mitochondria in frog oocytes during the early stages of oogenesis. Mitochondria in frog oocytes during oogenesis were characterised by a high ratio in the 'mitochondrial cloud' and perinuclear region and a low ratio in mitochondria freely(More)
A retrospective study was undertaken to determine if initial culture conditions and embryo quality had an effect on subsequent blastocyst development in co-culture for cryopreservation. The apparent effects of freeze-thawing on blastocysts at the ultrastructure level were also observed. On day 3 of culture, embryos were categorized into two groups based on(More)