Brian J. C. Freeman

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The 70 kDa heat shock family of molecular chaperones is essential to a variety of cellular processes, yet it is unclear how these proteins are regulated in vivo. We present evidence that the protein BAG-1 is a potential modulator of the molecular chaperones, Hsp70 and Hsc70. BAG-1 binds to the ATPase domain of Hsp70 and Hsc70, without requirement for their(More)
The Hsp70 family of molecular chaperones has an essential role in the synthesis, folding and translocation of the nascent peptide chain. While the general features of these activities are well documented, less is understood about the regulation of these activities. The ATPase rate is stimulated by non-native proteins, furthermore, interaction with ATP leads(More)
Cdc37 is required for cyclin-dependent kinase activation and is genetically linked with the activity of several other kinases, including oncogenic v-Src, casein kinase II, MPS-1 kinase, and sevenless. Strikingly, many pathways involving Cdc37 also involve the protein chaperone Hsp90. The identification of Cdc37 as the 50-kD protein in several Hsp90-kinase(More)
The properties of molecular chaperones in protein-assisted refolding were examined in vitro using recombinant human cytosolic chaperones hsp90, hsc70, hsp70 and hdj-1, and unfolded beta-galactosidase as the substrate. In the presence of hsp70 (hsc70), hdj-1 and either ATP or ADP, denatured beta-galactosidase refolds and forms enzymatically active tetramers.(More)
Many biological processes are initiated by cooperative assembly of large multicomponent complexes; however, mechanisms for modulating or terminating the actions of these complexes are not well understood. For example, hormone-bound intracellular receptors (IRs) nucleate formation of transcriptional regulatory complexes whose actions cease promptly upon(More)
Molecular chaperones are essential proteins that participate in the regulation of steroid receptors in eukaryotes. The steroid aporeceptor complex contains the molecular chaperones Hsp90 and Hsp70, p48, the cyclophilin Cyp-40, and the associated proteins p23 and p60. In vitro folding assays showed that Cyp-40 and p23 functioned as molecular chaperones in a(More)
STUDY DESIGN Mechanical testing of cadaveric lumbar motion segments. OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that minor damage to a vertebral body can lead to progressive disruption of the adjacent intervertebral disc. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Disc degeneration involves gross structural disruption as well as cell-mediated changes in matrix composition, but(More)
Origin recognition complex (ORC) plays critical roles in the initiation of DNA replication and cell-cycle progression. In metazoans, ORC associates with origin DNA during G1 and with heterochromatin in postreplicated cells. However, what regulates the binding of ORC to chromatin is not understood. We have identified a highly conserved, leucine-rich repeats(More)
Multiple molecular chaperones, including Hsp90 and p23, interact with members of the intracellular receptor (IR) family. To investigate p23 function, we compared the effects of three p23 proteins on IR activities, yeast p23 (sba1p) and the two human p23 homologs, p23 and tsp23. We found that Sba1p was indistinguishable from human p23 in assays of seven IR(More)