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The Hsp70 family of molecular chaperones has an essential role in the synthesis, folding and translocation of the nascent peptide chain. While the general features of these activities are well documented, less is understood about the regulation of these activities. The ATPase rate is stimulated by non-native proteins, furthermore, interaction with ATP leads(More)
The 70 kDa heat shock family of molecular chaperones is essential to a variety of cellular processes, yet it is unclear how these proteins are regulated in vivo. We present evidence that the protein BAG-1 is a potential modulator of the molecular chaperones, Hsp70 and Hsc70. BAG-1 binds to the ATPase domain of Hsp70 and Hsc70, without requirement for their(More)
The properties of molecular chaperones in protein-assisted refolding were examined in vitro using recombinant human cytosolic chaperones hsp90, hsc70, hsp70 and hdj-1, and unfolded beta-galactosidase as the substrate. In the presence of hsp70 (hsc70), hdj-1 and either ATP or ADP, denatured beta-galactosidase refolds and forms enzymatically active tetramers.(More)
Cdc37 is required for cyclin-dependent kinase activation and is genetically linked with the activity of several other kinases, including oncogenic v-Src, casein kinase II, MPS-1 kinase, and sevenless. Strikingly, many pathways involving Cdc37 also involve the protein chaperone Hsp90. The identification of Cdc37 as the 50-kD protein in several Hsp90-kinase(More)
The molecular chaperone Hsp90 assists a subset of cellular proteins and is essential in eukaryotes. A cohort of cochaperones contributes to and regulates the multicomponent Hsp90 machine. Unlike the biochemical activities of the cochaperone p23, its in vivo functions and the structure-function relationship remain poorly understood, even in the genetically(More)
The physiological mechanisms by which plants limit the growth of bacterial pathogens during gene-for-gene resistance are poorly understood. We characterized early events in the Arabidopsis thaliana-Pseudomonas syringae pathosystem to identify physiological changes for which the kinetics are consistent with bacterial growth restriction. Using a safranine-O(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective randomized trial with independent clinical and radiographic outcome review of patients receiving either hydroxyapatite or tricortical iliac crest graft for cervical interbody fusion was conducted. OBJECTIVE To determine whether coralline-derived hydroxyapatite is a suitable bone graft substitute in cervical interbody fusion. (More)
Telomerase is a multisubunit enzyme that maintains genome stability through its role in telomere replication. Although the Est3 protein is long recognized as an essential telomerase component, how it associates with and functions in the telomerase complex has remained enigmatic. Here we provide the first evidence of a direct interaction between(More)
STUDY DESIGN A reliability study of the Modic classification. OBJECTIVE To determine the reliability and reproducibility of the Modic classification for lumbar vertebral marrow changes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA In 1988, Modic et al described two degenerative stages of vertebral marrow and endplate morphology. These were type 1 (inflammatory phase) and(More)
Members of the hsp70 family of molecular chaperones interact with and stabilize nascent polypeptides during synthesis and/or translocation into organelles. The bacterial hsp70 homologue DnaK requires the DnaJ cofactor for its reaction cycle with polypeptide substrates. DnaJ stimulates the ATPase activity of the DnaK chaperone and thereby is thought to(More)