Brian J. Barnes

Learn More
The objective of this review is to characterize the mechanisms, risk factors, and offending pharmacotherapeutic agents that may cause drug-induced arrhythmias in critically ill patients. PubMed, other databases, and citation review were used to identify relevant published literature. The authors independently selected studies based on relevance to the(More)
BACKGROUND Amiodarone prophylaxis (AMP) reduces the prevalence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after cardiac surgery. We investigated the impact of AMP on the frequency and duration of POAF, the intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, and its cost-effectiveness in a risk-stratified cohort. METHODS A retrospective, observational(More)
Lack of standardization in antibiogram (ABGM) preparation (the overall profile of antimicrobial susceptibility results of a microbial species to a battery of antimicrobial agents) has not been addressed until recently. The objective of this study was to analyze current antibiograms using the recently published NCCLS M39-A guidelines for preparation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, safety, and clinical use of eplerenone in heart failure (HF). DATA SOURCES English-language MEDLINE searches were performed from 1966 to May 2004. Key words included eplerenone, aldosterone receptor antagonist, heart failure, myocardial infarction, left-ventricular dysfunction, and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To correlate serum propylene glycol concentration with osmol gap, serum lactate concentration, and amount of propylene glycol administered to mechanically ventilated patients receiving continuous infusions of lorazepam (80% propylene glycol by weight), and to characterize the prevalence of hyperosmolality and range of serum propylene glycol(More)
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, and utilization of healthcare resources. Bisphosphonates are the most widely prescribed drugs for increasing bone mass and preventing osteoporosis-related fractures. Although these drugs have proven efficacy and are generally considered safe, a clinical trial of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine factors that affect nonparticipation in an employee diabetes program and factors that may increase participation in future employee health programs. METHODS Participants in this cross-sectional study were adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, 18 to 80 years of age, who were covered by employer insurance but chose not to(More)