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  • Robert W Kates, William C Clark, Robert Corell, J Michael Hall, Carlo C Jaeger, Ian Lowe +17 others
  • 2008
JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. American Association(More)
  • Chris D Thomas, Alison Cameron, Rhys E Green, Michel Bakkenes, Linda J Beaumont, Yvonne C Collingham +13 others
  • 2004
Climate change over the past approximately 30 years has produced numerous shifts in the distributions and abundances of species and has been implicated in one species-level extinction. Using projections of species' distributions for future climate scenarios, we assess extinction risks for sample regions that cover some 20% of the Earth's terrestrial(More)
  • Richard D. Gregory, Stephen G. Willis, Frédéric Jiguet, Petr Voříšek, Alena Klvaňová, Arco van Strien +4 others
  • 2009
Rapid climatic change poses a threat to global biodiversity. There is extensive evidence that recent climatic change has affected animal and plant populations, but no indicators exist that summarise impacts over many species and large areas. We use data on long-term population trends of European birds to develop such an indicator. We find a significant(More)
BACKGROUND Climatic change is expected to lead to changes in species' geographical ranges. Adaptation strategies for biodiversity conservation require quantitative estimates of the magnitude, direction and rates of these potential changes. Such estimates are of greatest value when they are made for large ensembles of species and for extensive(More)
Service quality in operational IP networks can be impacted due to planned or unplanned maintenance. During any maintenance activity, the responsibility of the operations team is to complete the work order and perform a check-up to ensure there are no unexpected service disruptions. Once the maintenance is complete, it is crucial to continuously monitor the(More)
  • David G Hole, Stephen G Willis, Deborah J Pain, Lincoln D Fishpool, Stuart H M Butchart, Yvonne C Collingham +2 others
  • 2009
Despite widespread concern, the continuing effectiveness of networks of protected areas under projected 21st century climate change is uncertain. Shifts in species' distributions could mean these resources will cease to afford protection to those species for which they were originally established. Using modelled projected shifts in the distributions of(More)
Species–climate 'envelope' models are widely used to evaluate potential climate change impacts upon species and biodiversity. Previous studies have used a variety of methods to fit models making it difficult to assess relative model performance for different taxonomic groups, life forms or trophic levels. Here we use the same climatic data and modelling(More)
  • Brian Huntley, Judy R. M. Allen, Yvonne C. Collingham, Thomas Hickler, Adrian M. Lister, Joy Singarayer +3 others
  • 2013
Whereas fossil evidence indicates extensive treeless vegetation and diverse grazing megafauna in Europe and northern Asia during the last glacial, experiments combining vegetation models and climate models have to-date simulated widespread persistence of trees. Resolving this conflict is key to understanding both last glacial ecosystems and extinction of(More)
Understanding which traits make species vulnerable to climatic change and predicting future distributions permits conservation efforts to be focused on the most vulnerable species and the most appropriate sites. Here, we combine climate envelope models with predicted bioclimatic data from two emission scenarios leading up to 2100, to predict European(More)
  • R. A. Bentley, Eleanor J. Maddison, P. H. Ranner, John Bissell, Camila C. S. Caiado, Pojanath Bhatanacharoen +8 others
  • 2014
Recently, Early Warning Signals (EWS) have been developed to predict tipping points in Earth Systems. This discussion highlights the potential to apply EWS to human social and economic systems, which may also undergo similar critical transitions. Social tipping points are particularly difficult to predict, however, and the current formulation of EWS, based(More)