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The results of recent model studies indicate that the variability in territorial distribution of the major cerebral arteries may be much greater than has been previously recognized. We review the literature on the cortical and intracerebral territories of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries. Although most authors claim that these(More)
Computed tomography of the carpal tunnel was performed in the hands of both patients and controls in a neutral position, in flexion and in extension. The median nerve was not compressed between the long flexors and the flexor retinaculum in either flexion or extension of the wrist. In flexion, the nerve usually moved dorsally, away from the flexor(More)
We investigated whether the difference in infarction volume after occlusion of a long proximal segment of the middle cerebral artery between Wistar and Fischer-344 rats, is caused by differences in collateral blood flow rate through leptomeningeal anastomoses. In view of the retrograde direction of collateral blood flow into the middle cerebral artery(More)
Recent morphological and functional studies on the circle of Willis suggest that the areas of supply of the six major cerebral arteries show a considerable variation in distribution, in contrast to the relatively consistent pattern generally accepted; therefore, the cortical and intracerebral distribution of the territories of these arteries was(More)
The functioning of the nasal valve area is largely determined by the stability and the mobility of the lateral nasal wall. To gain insight into the kinematics of the lateral nasal wall, we studied the functional anatomy of the nasal muscles and the intercartilaginous and osseous-cartilaginous junctions. We performed gross and microscopic nasal dissection(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The circle of Willis is regarded as the major source of collateral flow in patients with severe carotid artery disease. The purpose of the present study was to assess whether the presence of border zone infarcts is related to the collateral ability of the circle of Willis in symptomatic (transient ischemic attack, minor stroke) and(More)
A very simple model of the flow in the circle of Willis is described in this paper. Disregarding pulsatility and vessel wall elasticity, fluxes in all segments of the circle of Willis and its afferent and efferent vessels are calculated by applying the Poiseuille-Hagen formula. Comparison with the fluxes calculated numerically from a more sophisticated(More)
In the present study the topographical distribution of the intrinsic nerve plexuses of the basal cerebral arteries in humans was quantified and the relation between vessel diameter and nerve density was investigated. Whole-mount preparations of various segments of the basal cerebral arteries from middle-aged patients were stained for protein gene product(More)
The results are presented of a statistical analysis of the variability of the circle of Willis using univariate and bivariate methods. For this purpose 100 circles of Willis were available. From each circle 19 indexes of arterial size were determined, the basilar artery was measured in two places. Half the circumference was measured. This data yielded no(More)