Brian H. Shilton

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SCF ubiquitin ligases recruit substrates for degradation via F box protein adaptor subunits. WD40 repeat F box proteins, such as Cdc4 and beta-TrCP, contain a conserved dimerization motif called the D domain. Here, we report that the D domain protomers of yeast Cdc4 and human beta-TrCP form a superhelical homotypic dimer. Disruption of the D domain(More)
The affinity of maltose-binding protein (MBP) for maltose and related carbohydrates was greatly increased by removal of groups in the interface opposite the ligand binding cleft. The wild-type protein has a KD of 1200 nM for maltose; mutation of residues Met-321 and Gln-325, both to alanine, resulted in a KD for maltose of 70 nM; deletion of 4 residues,(More)
ADP-ribosylation controls many processes, including transcription, DNA repair, and bacterial toxicity. ADP-ribosyltransferases and poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs) catalyze mono- and poly-ADP-ribosylation, respectively, and depend on a highly conserved glutamate residue in the active center for catalysis. However, there is an apparent absence of this(More)
SecA shape and conformational flexibility in solution were studied by small angle X-ray scattering. Dimeric SecA is a very elongated molecule, 15 nm long and 8 nm wide. SecA is therefore four times as long as the membrane is wide. The two globular protomers are distinctly separated and share limited surface of intermolecular contacts. ATP, ADP or(More)
Small-angle X-ray scattering experiments were carried out for the maltose-, glucose/galactose- and ribose-binding proteins of Gram negative bacteria. All were shown to be monomers that decrease in radius of gyration on ligand binding. The results obtained for the maltose-binding protein agree well with crystal structures of the closed, ligand-bound, and(More)
Pin1 is a phosphorylation-dependent member of the parvulin family of peptidyl-prolyl isomerases exhibiting functional conservation between yeast and man. To perform an unbiased analysis of the regions of Pin1 essential for its functions, we generated libraries of randomly mutated forms of the human Pin1 cDNA and identified functional Pin1 alleles by their(More)
Poxviruses encode a number of secreted virulence factors that function to mitigate or modulate the host immune response. M-T1 is a secreted 43-kDa glycoprotein produced by the myxoma virus, a poxvirus pathogen of rabbits, that binds CC-chemokines with high affinity, blocks binding to their cognate G-protein coupled receptors, and thereby inhibits(More)
Incubation of carbohydrate-free human serum albumin (HSA) with fructose in an aqueous buffer at pH 7.4 resulted in glycation of epsilon-amino groups of lysyl residues. A recently developed procedure, involving analysis of hexitol amino acids by high-performance liquid chromatography of phenylthiocarbamyl derivatives, was used to show that 85% of the bound(More)
The fhuD2 gene encodes a lipoprotein that has previously been shown to be important for the utilization of iron(III)-hydroxamates by Staphylococcus aureus. We have studied the function of the FhuD2 protein in greater detail, and demonstrate here that the protein binds several iron(III)-hydroxamates. Mutagenesis of FhuD2 identified several residues that were(More)
The solution NMR structure of a 22-residue Zn(2+)-binding domain (ZBD) from Esherichia coli preprotein translocase subunit SecA is presented. In conjunction with X-ray absorption analysis, the NMR structure shows that three cysteines and a histidine in the sequence CXCXSGX(8)CH assume a tetrahedral arrangement around the Zn(2+) atom, with an average(More)