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SecA shape and conformational flexibility in solution were studied by small angle X-ray scattering. Dimeric SecA is a very elongated molecule, 15 nm long and 8 nm wide. SecA is therefore four times as long as the membrane is wide. The two globular protomers are distinctly separated and share limited surface of intermolecular contacts. ATP, ADP or(More)
ADP-ribosylation controls many processes, including transcription, DNA repair, and bacterial toxicity. ADP-ribosyltransferases and poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs) catalyze mono- and poly-ADP-ribosylation, respectively, and depend on a highly conserved glutamate residue in the active center for catalysis. However, there is an apparent absence of this(More)
Staphylococcus aureus can utilize ferric hydroxamates as a source of iron under iron-restricted growth conditions. Proteins involved in this transport process are: FhuCBG, which encodes a traffic ATPase; FhuD2, a post-translationally modified lipoprotein that acts as a high affinity receptor at the cytoplasmic membrane for the efficient capture of ferric(More)
Human choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) synthesizes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh) from choline and acetyl-CoA. A crystal structure of human ChAT has been a long-standing goal in the neuronal signalling field. Milligram quantities of pure ChAT can be purified [Kim et al. (2005), Protein Expr. Purif. 40, 107-117], but exhaustive crystallization(More)
The affinity of maltose-binding protein (MBP) for maltose and related carbohydrates was greatly increased by removal of groups in the interface opposite the ligand binding cleft. The wild-type protein has a KD of 1200 nM for maltose; mutation of residues Met-321 and Gln-325, both to alanine, resulted in a KD for maltose of 70 nM; deletion of 4 residues,(More)
The fhuD2 gene encodes a lipoprotein that has previously been shown to be important for the utilization of iron(III)-hydroxamates by Staphylococcus aureus. We have studied the function of the FhuD2 protein in greater detail, and demonstrate here that the protein binds several iron(III)-hydroxamates. Mutagenesis of FhuD2 identified several residues that were(More)
Small-angle X-ray scattering experiments were carried out for the maltose-, glucose/galactose- and ribose-binding proteins of Gram negative bacteria. All were shown to be monomers that decrease in radius of gyration on ligand binding. The results obtained for the maltose-binding protein agree well with crystal structures of the closed, ligand-bound, and(More)
The site specificity of in vitro glycation of horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) was examined and the results interpreted in terms of structural features of the enzyme molecule. In a phosphate buffer solution, glycation occurred at Lys231 (the main site of glycation in vivo), at Lys228 (which is not glycated in vivo), and at several unidentified(More)
Sites of in vivo glycation of human and horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase were identified by cleavage of the borotritide-treated enzyme with trypsin, followed by gas-phase sequencing of the resulting tritium-labeled glycated peptides. A blank sequencing result, i.e. failure to detect an amino acid phenylthiohydantoin after completion of an Edman degradation(More)
The pre-sensor 1 (PS1) hairpin is found in ring-shaped helicases of the AAA+ family (ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities) of proteins and is implicated in DNA translocation during DNA unwinding of archaeal mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) and superfamily 3 viral replicative helicases. To determine whether the PS1 hairpin is required(More)