Brian H. Ladle

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A major barrier to successful antitumor vaccination is tolerance of high-avidity T cells specific to tumor antigens. In keeping with this notion, HER-2/neu (neu)-targeted vaccines, which raise strong CD8(+) T cell responses to a dominant peptide (RNEU(420-429)) in WT FVB/N mice and protect them from a neu-expressing tumor challenge, fail to do so in(More)
Naïve CD4+ T cells are highly plastic and can differentiate into discrete lineages with unique functions during an immune response. Once differentiated, helper T cells maintain a stable transcriptional memory of their initial lineage choice and resist redifferentiation. During embryogenesis, de novo DNA methylation operates on the hypomethylated genome of(More)
The composition of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) is heterogeneous. In addition, the ratio of various subpopulations in the tumor microenvironment is highly dependent on the nature of the host's immune response. Here, we characterize Foxp3-expressing CD8(+) T cells in the tumor that demonstrate effector function and accumulate in the context of an(More)
T cell costimulation via OX40 is known to increase CD4+ T cell expansion and effector function and enhances the development of T cell memory. OX40 costimulation can also prevent, and even reverse, CD4+ T cell anergy. However, the role of OX40 in CD8+ T cell function is less well defined, particularly in the setting of immune tolerance. To determine the(More)
DNMT3a is a de novo DNA methyltransferase expressed robustly after T-cell activation that regulates plasticity of CD4(+) T-cell cytokine expression. Here we show that DNMT3a is critical for directing early CD8(+) T-cell effector and memory fate decisions. Whereas effector function of DNMT3a knockout T cells is normal, they develop more memory precursor and(More)
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