Brian H. Clowers

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Oligosaccharides in human milk represent a group of bioactive molecules that have evolved to be an abundant and diverse component of human milk, even though they have no direct nutritive value to the infant. A recent hypothesis proposes that they could be substrates for the development of the intestinal microflora and the mucosal immune system. The(More)
An electrospray ionization, dual gate, ion mobility, quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer (ESI-DG-IM-QIT-MS) was constructed and evaluated for its ability to select mobility-filtered ions prior to mass analysis. While modification of the common signal-averaged ion mobility experiment was required, no modifications to the QIT were necessary. The dual gate(More)
Given the biological importance of glycosylation on proteins, the identification of protein glycosylation sites is integral to understanding broader biological structure and function. Unfortunately, the determination of the microheterogeneity at the site of glycosylation still remains a significant challenge. Nanoflow liquid chromatography with tandem mass(More)
The investigation of site-specific glycosylation is essential for further understanding the many biological roles that glycoproteins play; however, existing methods for characterizing site-specific glycosylation either are slow or yield incomplete information. Mass spectrometry (MS) is being applied to investigate site-specific glycosylation with bottom-up(More)
Traditionally, the spectrum acquired using ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is an average of multiple experimental cycles. Each cycle is initiated by passing a short burst of ions into a drift tube containing a homogeneous electric field. Prior to starting the subsequent cycle, all ions in the system must arrive at the detector or spectral overlap may occur.(More)
The diverse range of mass spectrometry (MS) instrumentation along with corresponding proprietary and nonproprietary data formats has generated a proteomics community driven call for a standardized format to facilitate management, processing, storing, visualization, and exchange of both experimental and processed data. To date, significant efforts have been(More)
The use of an atmospheric pressure matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (AP-MALDI) source was employed with an atmospheric pressure ion mobility spectrometer (APIMS) and an orthogonal acceleration reflector time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOFMS) to analyze dipeptide and biogenic amine mixtures from a liquid glycerol 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB)(More)
For the first time, a traditional radioactive nickel (63Ni) beta emission ionization source for ion mobility spectrometry was employed with an atmospheric pressure ion mobility orthogonal reflector time-of-flight mass spectrometer (IM(tof)MS) to detect a chemical warfare agent (CWA) simulant from aerosol samples. Aerosol-phase sampling employed a quartz(More)
Protein glycosylation involves the addition of monosaccharides in a stepwise process requiring no glycan template. Therefore, identifying the numerous glycoforms, including isomers, can help elucidate the biological function(s) of particular glycans. A method to assess the diversity of the N-linked oligosaccharides released from human serum without(More)
Because the glycosylation of proteins is known to change in tumor cells during the development of breast cancer, a glycomics approach is used here to find relevant biomarkers of breast cancer. These glycosylation changes are known to correlate with increasing tumor burden and poor prognosis. Current antibody-based immunochemical tests for cancer biomarkers(More)