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In this paper we consider the problem of creating and controlling volume deformations used to articulate characters for use in high-end applications such as computer generated feature films. We introduce a method we call harmonic coordinates that significantly improves upon existing volume deformation techniques. Our deformations are controlled using a(More)
Neuroglobin and cytoglobin reversibly bind oxygen in competition with the distal histidine, and the observed oxygen affinity therefore depends on the properties of both ligands. In the absence of an external ligand, the iron atom of these globins is hexacoordinated. There are three cysteine residues in human neuroglobin; those at positions CD7 and D5 are(More)
We have constructed a plasmid (pHE2) in which the synthetic human alpha- and beta-globin genes and the methionine aminopeptidase (Met-AP) gene from Escherichia coli are coexpressed under the control of separate tac promoters. The Hbs were expressed in E. coli JM109 and purified by fast protein liquid chromatography, producing two major components, a and b.(More)
The deep-sea tube worm Riftia pachyptila Jones possesses a complex of three extracellular Hbs: two in the vascular compartment, V1 (approximately 3500 kDa) and V2 (approximately 400 kDa), and one in the coelomic cavity, C1 (approximately 400 kDa). These native Hbs, their dissociation products and derivatives were subjected to electrospray ionization mass(More)
Sedimentation equilibrium measurements and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) mass mapping of the extracellular, hexagonal bilayer hemoglobin (HBL Hb) of the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris provided masses of 3.41 to 3.66 MDa and 3.56 (+/- 0.13) MDa, respectively. The Hb also contains 57.2 (+/- 6.0) moles of tightly bound Ca per mole of(More)
The soluble dimeric beta-galactoside-binding lectin (subunit molecular mass, approximately 14 kDa) of bovine heart muscle, in common with the 14-kDa lectins of several other animal species, displays carbohydrate-binding activity when it is in the reduced state, but the purified lectin loses this activity upon oxidation. In the present study, the presence of(More)
The N-lobe of human serum transferrin has been expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris by placing the hTF/2N cDNA under the control of the methanol-inducible alcohol oxidase promoter. Following induction with methanol, the N-lobe was efficiently secreted into a basal salt medium in shake flasks at a level of 150-240 mg/liter. As judged by(More)
The oligomeric state and kinetics of ligand binding were measured for wild-type cytoglobin. Cytoglobin has the classical globin fold, with an extension at each extremity of about 20 residues. The extended length of cytoglobin leads to an ambiguous interpretation of its oligomeric state. Although the hydrodynamic diameter corresponds to that of a dimer, it(More)
The gene (tesB) encoding Escherichia coli thioesterase II, a low-abundance enzyme of unknown physiological function which can hydrolyze a broad range of acyl-CoA thioesters, has been localized by transposon mutagenesis, cloned and sequenced. A two-cistron construct containing both the lac and tesB promoters was used successfully to overexpress the(More)
The precise identification of human hemoglobin variants, over 700 human hemoglobin variants are known, is essential for prediction of their clinical and genetic significance. A systematic approach to their rapid identification is described. Traditionally this requires protein or DNA characterization which entails lengthy analytical procedures. To overcome(More)