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BACKGROUND MicroRNAs are modifiers of gene expression, acting to reduce translation through either translational repression or mRNA cleavage. Recently, it has been shown that some microRNAs can act to promote or suppress cell transformation, with miR-17-92 described as the first oncogenic microRNA. The association of miR-17-92 encoded microRNAs with a(More)
The loss of the tumor suppressor gene product p16 in melanoma is well documented, although the normal physiological function of p16 in skin melanocytes is unknown. In this report, we demonstrate that when human skin was irradiated with suberythemal doses of UV radiation, levels of p16 were dramatically increased by 16 h postirradiation, peaking at 24 h, and(More)
Individual tumour cells display diverse functional behaviours in terms of proliferation rate, cell-cell interactions, metastatic potential and sensitivity to therapy. Moreover, sequencing studies have demonstrated surprising levels of genetic diversity between individual patient tumours of the same type. Tumour heterogeneity presents a significant(More)
Conventional chemotherapeutics target the proliferating fraction of cells in the patient's body, which will include the tumor cells, but are also toxic to actively proliferating normal tissues. Cellular stresses, such as those imposed by chemotherapeutic drugs, induce cell cycle checkpoint arrest, and currently approaches targeting these checkpoints are(More)
In response to the growing need for functional analysis of the human genome, we have developed a platform for high-throughput functional screening of genes overexpressed from lentiviral vectors. Protein-coding human open reading frames (ORFs) from the Mammalian Gene Collection were transferred into lentiviral expression vector using the highly efficient(More)
CDK-cyclin complexes regulate centriole duplication and microtubule nucleation at specific cell cycle stages, although their exact roles in these processes remain unclear. As the activities of CDK-cyclins are themselves positively regulated by CDC25 phosphatases, we investigated the role of centrosomal CDC25B during interphase. We report that overexpression(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION CDC25 (cell division cycle 25) phosphatases function as activators of CDK (cyclin-dependent kinase)-cyclin complexes to regulate progression through the CDC. We have recently identified a pool of CDC25B at the centrosome of interphase cells that plays a role in regulating centrosome numbers. RESULTS In the present study, we(More)
These authors contributed equally to this work. ABSTRACT Cell cycle checkpoints act to protect cells from external stresses and internal errors that would compromise the integrity of the cell. Checkpoints are often defective in cancer cells. Drugs that target checkpoint mechanisms should therefore be selective for tumor cells that are defective for the(More)
The bottleneck in elucidating gene function through high-throughput gain-of-function genome screening is the limited availability of comprehensive libraries for gene overexpression. Lentiviral vectors are the most versatile and widely used vehicles for gene expression in mammalian cells. Lentiviral supernatant libraries for genome screening are commonly(More)
Cell cycle deregulation and genomic instability play a major role in the aberrant cell proliferation that characterizes tumorigenesis. A novel role of the cyclin e isoform cyclin e2 in these processes is reported in the manuscript " Cyclin e2 induces genomic instability by mechanisms distinct from cyclin e1 " by Caldon et al. 1 in another issue of Cell(More)