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BACKGROUND Persistent quadriceps weakness is common following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLr). Alterations in spinal-reflexive excitability, corticospinal excitability and voluntary activation have been hypothesized as underlying mechanisms contributing to quadriceps weakness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive(More)
The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool that quantifies movement patterns as a way to detect performance asymmetries. Although previous study has investigated the reliability of FMS, no current research has examined intrarater reliability or how clinical experience plays a role in the reliability of this tool. In this controlled laboratory study(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the magnitude of quadriceps activation deficits in the involved extremity and contralateral extremity of patients with knee joint osteoarthritis (OA), as well as matched controls. An exhaustive search of the literature was performed using Web of Science between 1970 and February 24, 2010, using the search terms(More)
BACKGROUND Gait adaptations in persons with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have been debated. Many studies examine high speed, 3-dimensional video gait analysis to compare knee joint torques during simulated activities of daily living. METHODS We performed a systematic review of the literature for published clinical papers that reported(More)
BACKGROUND It has been hypothesized that arthrogenic muscle inhibition is responsible for altering physical function following knee injury. The association between the onset of arthrogenic muscle inhibition, measured using voluntary quadriceps activation, and changes in muscle strength and gait biomechanics are unknown. METHODS Outcomes were collected(More)
INTRODUCTION Quadriceps voluntary activation, assessed via the superimposed burst technique, has been extensively studied in a variety of populations as a measure of quadriceps function. However, a variety of stimulus delivery techniques have been employed, which may influence the level of voluntary activation as calculated via the central activation ratio(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of EMG-BF on vastus lateralis corticomotor excitability, measured via motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitudes elicited using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) during a maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). We also determined the effect of EMG-BF on isometric knee extensor strength.(More)
CONTEXT Few authors have assessed neuromuscular knee-stabilization strategies in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) during functional activities. OBJECTIVE To investigate the influence of CAI on neuromuscular characteristics around the knee during a stop-jump task. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Research laboratory. Participants or(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of whole body vibration (WBV) and local muscle vibration (LMV) on quadriceps function. METHODS Sixty adults were randomized to WBV, LMV, or control groups. Quadriceps function [Hoffmann (H)-reflex, active motor threshold (AMT), motor evoked potential (MEP) and electromyographic amplitude,(More)
Throwing is a complex motion that involves the entire body and often puts an inordinate amount of stress on the shoulder and the arm. Warm-up prepares the body for work and can enhance performance. Sling-based exercise (SE) has been theorized to activate muscles, particularly the stabilizers, in a manner beneficial for preactivity warm-up, yet this(More)