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BACKGROUND & AIMS Evidence suggests that postprandial platelet-depleted plasma 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) concentrations may be abnormal in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, interpretation of the data has been hampered by the variable methodology and rather small numbers used in previous studies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure(More)
CONTEXT Mean insulin resistance (IR) is greater and it is also more variable in overweight women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) compared to weight matched controls. Whilst treatment will reduce the mean IR, it is not known if the IR variability is also reduced. OBJECTIVE To compare the change in IR and its variability before and after treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Health and lifestyle factors are associated with variations in serum testosterone levels in ageing men. However, it remains unclear how age-related changes in testosterone may be attenuated by lifestyle modifications. The objective was to investigate the longitudinal relationships between changes in health and lifestyle factors with changes in(More)
CONTEXT Salivary cortisol measurement is used as a practical surrogate for serum free cortisol. However, parotid tissue harbors 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD2) activity converting cortisol to cortisone. OBJECTIVE This study was designed to assess the impact of parotid 11β-HSD2 activity on the measurement of salivary cortisol. PATIENTS, DESIGN,(More)
Theophylline poisoning with a blood level of 183 mg/l in a 38-year-old man was treated with activated charcoal by mouth, but despite this the blood level of theophylline rose and there was circulatory collapse with rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure and hyperthermia. Treatment with charcoal haemoperfusion and simultaneous haemodialysis was given, followed(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute renal failure complicating open heart surgery is not uncommon. Dopamine infusion (2.5-4.0 microg/kg per min) has often been advocated for prophylactic 'renal protection' in this setting despite little objective evidence of real benefit. We aimed to investigate whether dopamine offers any 'renal protection' in patients with normal heart and(More)
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were found to have a higher biological variability in insulin resistance (IR) compared to controls, but it is unknown whether this variability in IR differs between PCOS who are anovulatory compared to those who have an ovulatory cycle. The primary aim of this study was to compare and contrast the variability of(More)
BACKGROUND High levels of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and ventricular natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been identified after standard orthotopic cardiac transplantation. It has been postulated that the high ANP levels are a result of persistent secretion from the large residual atrial mass after transplantation. This study was undertaken to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the inherent potential of glycated hemoglobin as a screening test for type 2 diabetes by determining the biological variation in nondiabetic subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS HbA1c values were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in 12 nondiabetic subjects (7 men and 5 women; median age, 40 years [range, 21-55(More)
A simple and rapid liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous analysis of cyclosporin A (CsA) and creatinine using capillary blood has been developed. Venous and capillary blood samples were taken predose and at C2 from 65 heart and lung transplant recipients (65 x 4 samples). For comparisons, serum creatinine and(More)