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A major cause of aging is thought to result from the cumulative effects of cell loss over time. In yeast, caloric restriction (CR) delays aging by activating the Sir2 deacetylase. Here we show that expression of mammalian Sir2 (SIRT1) is induced in CR rats as well as in human cells that are treated with serum from these animals. Insulin and insulin-like(More)
Apoptosis is a key tumor suppression mechanism that can be initiated by activation of the proapoptotic factor Bax. The Ku70 DNA end-joining protein has recently been shown to suppress apoptosis by sequestering Bax from mitochondria. The mechanism by which Bax is regulated remains unknown. Here, we identify eight lysines in Ku70 that are targets for(More)
BACKGROUND The 26S proteasome is responsible for most cytosolic proteolysis, and is an important protease in major histocompatibility complex class I-mediated antigen presentation. Constitutively expressed proteasomes from mammalian sources possess three distinct catalytically active species, beta1, beta2 and beta5, which are replaced in the(More)
The post-translational modification of proteins with ubiquitin (Ub) or ubiquitin-like (Ubl) modifiers is an important signal in the regulation of a variety of biological processes. The attachment of either a single Ub, a 76 amino acid polypeptide, or multiple Ub entities helps to control the targeting of sub-strates for degradation. Processes such as(More)
The aim of this review is to present an overview of protein sulfation in the context of 'modificomics', i.e. post-translational modification-specific proteome research. In addition to a short introduction to the biology of protein sulfation (part 1), we will provide detailed discussion regarding (i) methods and tools for prediction of protein tyrosine(More)
A panel of CD4 T-cell clones was isolated from synovial fluid by single cell flow cytometry from a patient with treatment-resistant Lyme arthritis using a DRB1*0401 major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II tetramer covalently loaded with outer surface protein A (OspA) peptide164-175, an immunodominant epitope of Borrelia burgdorferi. Sequencing of(More)
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