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Chromosomal passenger proteins have emerged as key players in the regulation of mitosis and cytokinesis. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are a class of anticancer drugs that induce aberrant mitosis and can overcome the spindle assembly checkpoint. Here, we investigate the mechanism by which HDACi disrupt normal mitotic progression and checkpoint(More)
In cells of higher eukaryotic organisms the activity of the p34cdc2/cyclin B complex is inhibited by phosphorylation of p34cdc2 at two sites within its amino-terminus (threonine 14 and tyrosine 15). In this study, the cell cycle regulation of the kinases responsible for phosphorylating p34cdc2 on Thr14 and Tyr15 was examined in extracts prepared from both(More)
Centrosomes in mammalian cells have recently been implicated in cytokinesis; however, their role in this process is poorly defined. Here, we describe a human coiled-coil protein, Cep55 (centrosome protein 55 kDa), that localizes to the mother centriole during interphase. Despite its association with gamma-TuRC anchoring proteins CG-NAP and Kendrin, Cep55 is(More)
Important aspects of cell cycle regulation are the checkpoints, which respond to a variety of cellular stresses to inhibit cell cycle progression and act as protective mechanisms to ensure genomic integrity. An increasing number of tumor suppressors are being demonstrated to have roles in checkpoint mechanisms, implying that checkpoint dysfunction is likely(More)
MicroRNAs are modifiers of gene expression, acting to reduce translation through either translational repression or mRNA cleavage. Recently, it has been shown that some microRNAs can act to promote or suppress cell transformation, with miR-17-92 described as the first oncogenic microRNA. The association of miR-17-92 encoded microRNAs with a surprisingly(More)
The human genetic disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is characterized by immunodeficiency, progressive cerebellar ataxia, radiosensitivity, cell cycle checkpoint defects and cancer predisposition. The gene mutated in this syndrome, ATM (for AT mutated), encodes a protein containing a phosphatidyl-inositol 3-kinase (PI-3 kinase)-like domain. ATM also(More)
Human Cdc25C is a protein phosphatase that dephosphorylates and activates Cdc2-cyclin B to trigger entry into mitosis. Cdc25C is itself regulated by phosphorylation. In asynchronously growing HeLa cells, we have determined that serine 216 is the major site of Cdc25C phosphorylation. We have isolated a protein kinase that binds to Cdc25C and phosphorylates(More)
The formation of the mitotic spindle is an essential prerequisite for successful mitosis. The dramatic changes in the level of microtubule (Mt) nucleation at the centrosomes and Mt dynamics that occur in prophase are presumed to be initiated through the activity of cdc2/cyclin B. Here we present data that the cdc25B isoform functions to activate the(More)
Paraffin sections (n = 168, 27 benign, 16 low malignant potential [LMP] and 125 malignant tumours) from epithelial ovarian tumours were evaluated immunohistochemically for expression of retinoblastoma gene product (pRB) and p53 protein, and the relationship among pRB, p53 and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2 (CDKN2) gene product p16INK4A (p16) was(More)
The Eg1 gene in Xenopus laevis is related in sequence to the cdc2+ gene. We show here that the Eg1 gene product (cdk2) possesses histone H1 protein kinase activity and binds to PSTAIR antibodies as well as to Sepharose beads linked to the 13-kDa product of the suc 1 gene (p13suc1). Eg1 protein kinase is active only in an Mr approximately 200,000 complex(More)