Brian Frantz

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The ratio of world trade to output was a mere 2% in 1800, but it then rose to 10% in 1870 thus marks the birth of the first great era of trade globalization, the period 1914–39 its death. What caused the trade boom and bust? The textbook interpretations offer a variety of narratives, but few precise answers. We use an augmented gravity model of trade to(More)
Research Center have been working with the United States satellite communication industry over the past 16 years to develop advanced communication and networking technologies to improve commercial satellite communications. With the recent explosion of the Internet and the enormous business opportunities available to communication system providers , great(More)
and the annual meetings of the Economic History Association. All errors are ours. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the National Bureau of Economic Research. ABSTRACT Measured by the ratio of trade to output, the period 1870–1913 marked the birth of the first era of trade globalization and the period 1914–39(More)
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