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A series of monomeric and oligomeric donor-substituted 1,1,4,4-tetracyanobuta-1,3-dienes (TCBDs) with various topologies have been synthesized by means of thermal [2+2] cycloaddition between tetracyanoethylene (TCNE) and donor-substituted alkynes, followed by retro-electrocyclization. One-electron-reduced and -oxidized stages of the donor-substituted TCBDs(More)
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) complicates 60% of knee and 80% of hip arthroplasties performed without prophylactic therapy. Routine postoperative duplex ultrasound surveillance has been proposed for the detection of venous thrombosis following arthroplasty. In order to determine whether surveillance represents an effective strategy to detect postoperative(More)
A wide variety of monomeric and oligomeric, donor-substituted 1,1,4,4-tetracyanobutadienes (TCBDs) have been synthesized by [2+2] cycloaddition between tetracyanoethylene (TNCE) and donor-substituted alkynes, followed by electrocyclic ring opening of the initially formed cyclobutenes. Reaction yields are often nearly quantitative but can be affected by the(More)
Despite the predominant electron donor character of p-phenylenediamine, our studies on extended p-phenylenediamine derivatives show that they can not only be chemically oxidized, giving well-known Wurster-type radical cations, but also be chemically reduced, giving radical anions. Making use of EPR/ENDOR spectroscopy and supported by DFT calculations, we(More)
one, you generally have the characteristics of that target person or persons in mind. They may be male, over 35, making $65,000-plus a year, etc. You might even extend your picture further and say they drive midsize cars, have 2.3 children, and drink coffee at least twice a day. After you go through that process, what you basically end up with is a(More)
Axially chiral, N-arylated 3,5-dihydro-4H-dinaphtho[2,1-c:1',2'-e]azepines have been prepared by short synthetic protocols from enantiopure 1,1'-bi(2,2'-naphthol) (BINOL) and anilines. Alkynes substituted with two N-phenyldinaphthazepine donors readily undergo a formal [2+2] cycloaddition, followed by retro-electrocyclization, with tetracyanoethene (TCNE)(More)
Launch any software product these days, and you can easily find a whole host of issues you wish the developer or designer would have better anticipated— whether it is to optimize the interaction, organization of information, or further develop tools before releasing the product to the marketplace. I can’t go a day without thinking to myself, “This would be(More)