Brian Francis Meyer

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The T(-13910) variant located in the enhancer element of the lactase (LCT) gene correlates perfectly with lactase persistence (LP) in Eurasian populations whereas the variant is almost nonexistent among Sub-Saharan African populations, showing high prevalence of LP. Here, we report identification of two new mutations among Saudis, also known for the high(More)
X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) is the most common inherited rickets. XLH is caused by inactivating mutations in the PHEX gene and is transmitted as an X-linked dominant disorder. We investigated PHEX mutation in 10 patients from 6 unrelated Turkish families by PCR-sequence analysis. Six different PHEX mutations were detected in the patients. Four(More)
Weill-Marchesani syndrome (WMS) is a well-characterized disorder in which patients develop eye and skeletal abnormalities. Autosomal-recessive and autosomal-dominant forms of WMS are caused by mutations in ADAMTS10 and FBN1 genes, respectively. Here we report on 13 patients from seven unrelated families from the Arabian Peninsula. These patients have a(More)
We identified a homozygous missense mutation (c.196G-->T) in fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGF3) in 21 affected individuals from a large extended consanguineous Saudi family, phenotypically characterized by autosomal recessive syndromic congenital sensorineural deafness, microtia and microdontia. All affected family members are descendents of a common(More)
Our knowledge of disease genes in neurological disorders is incomplete. With the aim of closing this gap, we performed whole-exome sequencing on 143 multiplex consanguineous families in whom known disease genes had been excluded by autozygosity mapping and candidate gene analysis. This prescreening step led to the identification of 69 recessive genes not(More)
OBJECTIVE To report clinical, morphologic, and immunohistochemical studies on autosomal dominant, clinically nonprogressive, and not previously described progressive forms of hyaline body (HB) myopathy (HBM) in a Saudi Arabian kindred. RESULTS Muscle biopsies from four patients showed HB in type 1 fibers; they were positive for ATPase at pH 4.3/4.6 and(More)
The inherited osteolyses or 'vanishing bone' syndromes are a group of rare disorders of unknown etiology characterized by destruction and resorption of affected bones. The multicentric osteolyses are notable for interphalangeal joint erosions that mimic severe juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (OMIMs 166300, 259600, 259610 and 277950). We recently described an(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of lactase persistence is high in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE To identify a DNA variant for the lactase persistence/non-persistence trait in adult Arabs in Saudi Arabia. METHODS We sequenced DNA from 432 anonymous neonatal blood donors from five different regions of Saudi Arabia to cover the 400 bp region surrounding the previously(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relevance of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism for coronary artery disease (CAD) in the Saudi population. METHODS AND RESULTS DNA of 84 male Saudi patients with established CAD, 36 male controls who underwent angiography, and 327 healthy Saudi male blood donors was amplified by polymerase chain reaction,(More)
BACKGROUND The E23K variant of KCNJ11 has been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in several but not all populations studied. Thus far, despite a high incidence of T2D, the role of this variant in Arabs has not been established. METHODS We performed a case-control association study using 550 T2D Saudi patients (WHO criteria), and 335 controls(More)