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Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an important brain, lung, and nose toxicant. Inhibition of cytochrome oxidase is the primary biochemical effect associated with lethal H2S exposure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the concentration of sulfide and cytochrome oxidase activity in target tissues following acute exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Manganese neurotoxicity in humans is recognized as a form of parkinsonism with lesions occurring predominantly within the globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, putamen, and caudate nucleus. METHODS This study evaluated dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, homovanillic acid, serotonin, norepinephrine, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid,(More)
Concerns exist as to whether individuals with relative manganese deficiency or excess may be at increased risk for manganese toxicity following inhalation exposure. The objective of this study was to determine whether manganese body burden influences the pharmacokinetics of inhaled manganese sulfate (MnSO(4)). Postnatal day (PND) 10 rats were placed on(More)
In this study, we examined whether gender or age influences the pharmacokinetics of manganese sulfate (MnSO(4)) or manganese phosphate (as the mineral form hureaulite). Young male and female rats and aged male rats (16 months old) were exposed 6 h day(-1) for 5 days week(-1) to air, MnSO(4) (at 0.01, 0.1, or 0.5 mg Mn m(-3)), or hureaulite (0.1 mg Mn(More)
Iron and manganese share structural, biochemical, and physiological similarities. The objective of this study was to determine whether iron, like manganese, is transported to the rat brain via the olfactory tract following inhalation exposure. Eight-week-old male CD rats were exposed to approximately 0.31 mg Fe per m(3) (mass median aerodynamic diameter =(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a naturally occurring gas that is also associated with several industries. The potential for widespread human inhalation exposure to this toxic gas is recognized as a public health concern. The nasal epithelium is particularly susceptible to H(2)S-induced pathology. Cytochrome oxidase inhibition is postulated as one mechanism of(More)
Growing evidence suggests that nasal deposition and transport along the olfactory nerve represents a route by which inhaled manganese and certain other metals are delivered to the rodent brain. The toxicological significance of olfactory transport of manganese remains poorly defined. In rats, repeated intranasal instillation of manganese chloride results in(More)
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