Brian Duff Sloley

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A series of N(1)- and N(2)-propargylphenelzine derivatives and analogues (1-7) was synthesized. In addition to their activity as monoamine oxidase inhibitors, two of the compounds, N(1)- and N(2)-propargylphenelzines (3 and 6), were found to be potent at preventing DSP-4-induced noradrenaline (NA) depletion in mouse hippocampus, suggesting that they have(More)
The effects of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract on rat brain or livermonoamine oxidase (MAO)-A and -B activity, biogenic amine concentration in nervous tissue, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)- and N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP-4)-induced neurotoxicity and antioxidant activity was investigated to determine the effects of the extract on monoamine(More)
Alcoholic extracts of the roots and leaves of three Echinacea species (E. purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida) were analysed for the presence of characteristic chemicals by HPLC directly coupled to ultraviolet absorbance and electrospray mass spectrometric detectors. The method permitted rapid characterization and tentative identification of a large(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if HT-1001, an extract of American ginseng, affects scopolamine-induced memory and performance deficits in a spatial learning task, alters brain concentrations of aminergic neurotransmitters, and alters choline uptake in synaptosome preparations. DESIGN Animal study. ANIMALS 48 Sprague Dawley rats. INTERVENTIONS Long-term oral(More)
INTRODUCTION N-Methyl,N-propargyphenylethylamine (MPPE) is a novel analog of (-)-deprenyl, a drug prescribed for Parkinson's disease and shown to have neuroprotective and neurorescue properties in a wide variety of in vitro and in vivo models. MPPE is also neuroprotective, but has the advantage over (-)-deprenyl of not being metabolized to amphetamine or(More)
We used liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection to show that 5-HT is present in the venom of worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Immunohistochemical demonstration of 5-HT-like immunoreactivity within the venom reservoir supports this finding. Measurements were made on bees of known age at various times during the summer season. The amount of(More)
Phenelzine (PLZ), a frequently prescribed monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, is used as an antidepressant/antipanic drug and has been shown to cause marked increases in rat brain levels of the amino acids gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and alanine. In an extension of previous studies related to GABA metabolism, we investigated the effects of PLZ on rat(More)
A review of the occurrence of monoamine oxidase activity in invertebrates is presented. In contrast to vertebrates, invertebrates use a variety of enzymatic routes to metabolise monoamines. These routes include N-acetylation, gamma-glutamyl conjugation, sugar conjugation, sulphation, beta-alanyl conjugation as well as oxidative deamination. Some of these(More)
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal, shows several pharmacological properties which are attributed mainly to the withanolides present in the root. The efficacy of medicinally active withanolides constituents depends on the absorption and transportation through the intestinal epithelium. We examined these characteristics by employing the Sino-Veda Madin-Darby(More)