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PURPOSE To determine if a correlation exists between the number of previous enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examinations and high signal intensity in the globus pallidus (GP) and dentate nucleus (DN) in patients who received gadodiamide (Omniscan), a linear nonionic gadolinium-based contrast agent, and in those who received gadobenate dimeglumine(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to develop a multi-step adaptive fitting approach for liver proton density fat fraction (PDFF) and R(2)* quantification, and to perform an initial validation on a broadly available hardware platform. THEORY AND METHODS The proposed method uses a multi-echo three-dimensional gradient echo acquisition, with initial(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of two pairs of echo times (TEs) for in-phase (IP) and opposed-phase (OP) 3.0-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging on (a) quantitative analysis prospectively in a phantom study and (b) diagnostic accuracy retrospectively in a clinical study of adrenal tumors, with use of various reference standards in the clinical study. (More)
PURPOSE To determine whether consistent regions of activity could be observed in the lumbar spinal cord of single subjects with spin-echo functional MRI (fMRI) if several repeated experiments were performed within a single imaging session. MATERIALS AND METHODS Repeated fMRI experiments of the human lumbar spinal cord were performed at 1.5 T with a(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that there is no significant variability in apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) at assessment of the short- and midterm reproducibility of ADC measurements in a healthy population. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty healthy male volunteers were enrolled in this prospective institutional review board-approved study after they(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our article is to describe the underlying physics concepts of abdominal MRI at 3.0 T and their impact on signal-to-noise ratio, susceptibility artifacts, chemical shift artifacts, and dielectric effects. CONCLUSION Abdominal MR sequence protocols optimized for 1.5-T scanners should not be transferred to 3.0 T without substantial(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of age and fat content on quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) parameters in the bone marrow of the lumbar spine and pelvis. The interreader reproducibility of this technique will also be assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-three DCE-MRI studies of the female pelvis defined(More)
This article illustrates changes in the underlying physics concepts related to increasing the main magnetic field from 1.5T to 3T. The effects of these changes on tissue constants and practical hardware limitations is discussed as they affect scan time, quality, and contrast. Changes in susceptibility artifacts, chemical shift artifacts, and dielectric(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare triplanar 2D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo MR images with reformatted images from a 3D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo sequence in analogous planes with respect to acquisition time, image quality, artifacts, and lesion detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-four consecutively enrolled women referred for pelvic(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to calculate the gain in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of four human abdominal tissues at 3.0 Tesla (T) compared with standard 1.5 T and to validate this calculation in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS The expected gain in SNR at 3.0 T in the liver, pancreas, spleen, and kidney compared with standard 1.5 T(More)