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Using the whole cell clamp technique, we have measured calcium-dependent currents and steady-state conductance in early sea urchin blastomeres. The calcium currents in M phase decreased from 8.5 microA/cm2 at the four-cell stage to 5.4 microA/cm2 at the eight-cell stage. In 16-cell stage embryos, calcium currents were 7.4 microA/cm2 in the mesomeres, 2.3(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether consistent regions of activity could be observed in the lumbar spinal cord of single subjects with spin-echo functional MRI (fMRI) if several repeated experiments were performed within a single imaging session. MATERIALS AND METHODS Repeated fMRI experiments of the human lumbar spinal cord were performed at 1.5 T with a(More)
In the preovulatory follicle, the LH surge stimulates progesterone production, reduces estradiol synthesis, and scales up the permeability of the blood-follicle barrier. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the extent of these changes is correlated with the levels of estradiol, estradiol esters, and cholesteryl esters in the follicular(More)
Using the whole-cell voltage clamp technique, experiments were carried out on ascidian eggs to determine the role of intracellular Ca in the gating of fertilization channels. Raising the level of Ca by adding Ca to the intracellular perfusion medium or by loading the egg cortex (greater than 50 microM) with Ca through voltage gated channels did not lead to(More)
Look-up tables (LUTs) are a common method for increasing the speed of many algorithms. Their use can be extended to the reconstruction of nonuniformly sampled k-space data using either a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) algorithm or a convolution-based gridding algorithm. A table for the DFT would be precalculated arrays of weights describing how each data(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that there is no significant variability in apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) at assessment of the short- and midterm reproducibility of ADC measurements in a healthy population. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty healthy male volunteers were enrolled in this prospective institutional review board-approved study after they(More)
The genome of all cells is protected at all times by mechanisms collectively known as DNA repair activity (DRA). Such activity is particularly important at the beginning of human life, i.e. at fertilization, immediately after and at the very onset of embryonic development. DRA in early development is, by definition, of maternal origin: the transcripts(More)
Using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique we have studied electrical coupling and dye coupling between pairs of blastomeres in 16- to 128-cell-stage sea urchin embryos. Electrical coupling was established between macromeres and micromeres at the 16-cell stage with a junctional conductance (G(j)) of 26 nS that decreased to 12 nS before the next cleavage(More)
We report an ion channel in the plasma membrane of unfertilized oocytes of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis that is directly gated by the second messenger ADP-ribose. The ion channel is permeable to Ca2+ and Na+ and is characterized by a reversal potential between 0 and +20 mV and a unitary conductance of 140 pS. Preinjection of the Ca2+ chelator(More)