Brian D Wells

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The rDNA transcription units are enormous macromolecular structures located in the nucleolus and containing 50-100 RNA polymerases together with the nascent pre-rRNA attached to the rDNA. It has not previously been possible to visualize nucleolar transcription units directly in intact nucleoli, although highly spread preparations in the electron microscope(More)
A glucoamylase::green fluorescent protein fusion (GLA::sGFP) was constructed which allows the green fluorescent protein to be used as an in vivo reporter of protein secretion in Aspergillus niger. Two secretory fusions were designed for secretion of GLA::sGFP which employed slightly different lengths of the glucoamylase protein (GLA499 and GLA514).(More)
Although Aspergillus niger is used as a host for heterologous protein production, yields are generally lower than those obtained for homologous proteins. Mechanisms of protein secretion and the secretory pathway in filamentous fungi are poorly characterised, although there is evidence to suggest that secretion occurs by a mechanism similar to that in other(More)
A procedure is described for obtaining clean maize cell wall preparations that contain embedded plasmodesmata. Negative staining and rotary shadowing have been used with transmission electron microscopy to visualise the plasmodesmata in these isolated walls, and to assess the effects of simple biochemical treatments on plasmodesmal components. Light(More)
Incorporation by RNA polymerases of BrUTP into both plant root tissue and isolated plant nuclei as a method for localization of the sites of transcription has been used. In this paper pea root tissue was used, and under the conditions employed, nearly all the incorporation occurs in the nucleolus, and thus must be catalysed by RNA polymerase I.(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a useful reporter to follow the in vivo behaviour of proteins, but the wild-type gfp gene does not function in many organisms, including many plants and filamentous fungi. We show that codon-modified forms of gfp, produced for use in plants, function effectively in Aspergillus nidulans both as gene expression reporters and(More)
The biosynthesis of plant cell wall polysaccharides requires the concerted action of nucleotide sugar interconversion enzymes, nucleotide sugar transporters, and glycosyl transferases. How cell wall synthesis in planta is regulated, however, remains unclear. The root epidermal bulger 1 (reb1) mutant in Arabidopsis thaliana is partially deficient in cell(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Transmembrane water flow is aided by water-specific channel proteins, aquaporins. Plant genomes code for approx. 35 expressed and functional aquaporin isoforms. Plant aquaporins fall into four different subfamilies of which the PIPs (plasma membrane intrinsic proteins) constitute the largest and evolutionarily most conserved subfamily(More)
Transgenic tobacco plants expressing a gene encoding the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) movement protein (30K) were studied using immunocytochemical techniques. The movement protein was shown to be localized within or on most of the plasmodesmata observed in the transformed plant. These results are consistent with the idea that the movement protein interacts(More)
The primary walls of grasses are composed of cellulose microfibrils, glucuronoarabinoxylans (GAXs), and mixed-linkage beta-glucans, together with smaller amounts of xyloglucans, glucomannans, pectins, and a network of polyphenolic substances. Chemical imaging by Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy revealed large differences in the distributions of(More)