Brian D. Poole

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Acute renal failure (ARF), characterized by sudden loss of the ability of the kidneys to excrete wastes, concentrate urine, conserve electrolytes, and maintain fluid balance, is a frequent clinical problem, particularly in the intensive care unit, where it is associated with a mortality of between 50% and 80%. In this review, the epidemiology and(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) is a complex disease with a multifactoral etiology, with genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences. Molecular mimicry as a result of viral infection may contribute to the development of lupus. The pattern of autoantibody development in lupus is consistent with initiation through molecular mimicry, as the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To describe the lines of evidence supporting a significant role for interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to propose potential mechanisms by which IFNalpha contributes to the autoimmunity and immune dysfunction of SLE. RECENT FINDINGS Long-standing data indicating elevated levels of(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) during sepsis is associated with increased nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen radicals, including superoxide (O(2)(-)). Because O(2)(-) reacts with NO in a rapid manner, it plays an important role in modulating NO levels. Therefore, scavenging of O(2)(-) by superoxide dismutase (SOD) may be critical for preserving NO bioavailability. In(More)
OBJECTIVE New examples support the concept that host immune responses to pathogenic organisms can act as the nidus for autoimmunity. Two such examples implicate the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), i.e., data consistent with SLE anti-Sm and anti-60-kd Ro autoantibodies emerging from distinct humoral immune responses to(More)
Serologic association, cross-reactivity of select EBV-specific antibodies with SLE autoantigens, SLE-like autoimmunity after immunization with EBV peptides, increased EB viral load in SLE patients, and SLE-specific alterations in EBV humoral and cellular immunity implicate Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To(More)
Parvovirus B19 has been implicated in some cases of acute fulminant non-A, non-B, non-C, non-G liver failure. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that B19 infection of hepatocytes induces apoptosis and that the B19 viral nonstructural protein, NS1, may play a critical role. To study the involvement of NS1 in apoptosis of liver cells, we generated a(More)
Epstein-Barr virus has been implicated in the etiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) through serologic and immunologic studies. A potential mechanism for this influence is through molecular mimicry. The EBV nuclear antigen EBNA-1 contains a region, PPPGRRP, with considerable homology to the initial sequence targeted by antibodies in Sm B'(More)
OBJECTIVE The U1 small nuclear RNPs are common targets of autoantibodies in lupus and other autoimmune diseases. However, the etiology and progression of autoimmune responses directed against these antigens are not well understood. The aim of this study was to use a unique collection of serial samples obtained from patients before and after the development(More)
It is known that, among human patients with sepsis, acute renal failure (ARF) dramatically increases mortality rates to 50 to 80%. However, the pathogenesis of septic ARF is not fully understood. An increase in endotoxin-induced mortality rates for leptin-deficient ob/ob mice was recently demonstrated. In comparison with ob/ob mice, db/db mice, which are(More)