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To investigate the molecular regulation of embryonic somite formation and development, we have cloned the full-length cDNA and characterized the embryonic expression profile of chicken Paraxis, a member of a novel family of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins, which has been suggested to play a role in paraxial mesoderm development. Chicken Paraxis(More)
Recent mouse genetic studies have implicated Pax-1, a paired-box-containing gene, in sclerotomal differentiation and vertebral body formation. To investigate Pax-1 function in somitic sclerotomal differentiation in the chick embryo, we have cloned the chicken Pax-1 gene, and its full length cDNA, and characterized its temporal and spatial expression pattern(More)
Synovial fluid aspirates from 50 patients with symptoms after total knee arthroplasty were analyzed by means of the polymerase chain reaction for the presence of bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid indicative of infection. Synovial fluid specimens were processed using a rapid bacterial lysis and extraction protocol, subjected to polymerase chain reaction(More)
Most previous studies of chromosomal mosaicism in IVF embryos were performed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) methods. While there are reports implicating chromosome aneuploidy in implantation failure following transfer and pregnancy loss by spontaneous miscarriage, the significance of mosaicism for the developmental potential of growing embryos(More)
BACKGROUND While it is accepted that a majority of invasive breast cancer progresses from a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) precursor stage, very little is known about the factors that promote survival of DCIS neoplastic cells within the hypoxic, nutrient deprived intraductal microenvironment. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We examined the hypothesis(More)
Gel mobility-shift assays have been used to identify proteins that bind specifically to the promoter region of the Drosophila s15 chorion gene. These proteins are present in nuclear extracts of ovarian follicles, the tissue where s15 is expressed during development, and bind to specific elements of the promoter that have been shown by transformation(More)
The repeated pattern of the axial skeleton results from the segmentation and re-segmentation of the mesodermally derived somites. During these early events of somite development, the vertebrate embryonic axial skeleton is most susceptible to the teratogenic effects of a variety of pharmaceutical and environmental agents. One example is the anticonvulsant(More)
We have employed Chinese hamster ovary cells synchronized by mitotic selection to study the replication and amplification of the dihydrofolate reductase gene. Using bromodeoxyuridine to differentially label newly replicated DNA, we show that the dihydrofolate reductase gene is replicated during the first 2 h of S phase, a time when, at most, 10% of the(More)
The widespread use and dramatic success of prosthetic joint implant surgery (arthroplasty) has greatly improved the quality of life for many individuals suffering from degenerative, arthritic, or injured joints. However, in a number of cases, recipients experience discomfort at the arthroplasty site that can signal biomechanical failure, or periprosthetic(More)
We describe the development of a molecular detection system designed for use with synovial fluid (SF)-based infections. The methodology employs a lysis/extraction procedure that effectively disrupts microorganisms allowing for release of the microbial DNA and its amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We tested the effectiveness of adding a(More)