Brian D. Lowes

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Polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been shown to correlate with circulating ACE concentrations, and also to be an independent risk factor for the development of myocardial infarction, particularly in men thought to be at low risk by standard criteria. We determined the genotypes of individuals with end-stage heart failure due(More)
BACKGROUND Beta-blocker therapy may improve cardiac function in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. We tested the hypothesis that beta-blocker therapy produces favorable functional effects in dilated cardiomyopathy by altering the expression of myocardial genes that regulate contractility and pathologic hypertrophy. METHODS We randomly(More)
Survival after heart transplantation has improved considerably over the past 20 years. Half of all patients now live 9 years, and 25% live 17 years.1 Currently, 20 000 heart transplant recipients live in the United States.2 Improved longevity means prolonged immunosuppression and the concomitant use of drugs to prevent or treat the long-term complications(More)
Adenosine signaling has been implicated in cardiac adaptation to limited oxygen availability. In a wide search for adenosine receptor A2b (Adora2b)-elicited cardioadaptive responses, we identified the circadian rhythm protein period 2 (Per2) as an Adora2b target. Adora2b signaling led to Per2 stabilization during myocardial ischemia, and in this setting,(More)
Using quantitative RT-PCR in RNA from right ventricular (RV) endomyocardial biopsies from intact nonfailing hearts, and subjects with moderate RV failure from primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), we measured expression of genes involved in regulation of contractility or hypertrophy. Gene expression was also(More)
BACKGROUND The cytoskeleton plays an important role in maintaining cell structure and integrity. Defects in cytoskeletal proteins can cripple cell strength and may cause cardiomyopathy. We analyzed heart tissues from subjects with dilated cardiomyopathy for abnormalities in the cardiac cytoskeleton. Metavinculin, a cardiac isoform of the cytoskeletal(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenergic activation is an important determinant of outcomes in chronic heart failure. Adrenergic activity is regulated in part by prejunctional alpha(2C)-adrenergic receptors (ARs), which exhibit genetic variation in humans. Bucindolol is a novel beta-AR blocking agent that also lowers systemic norepinephrine and thus is also a sympatholytic(More)
Part I of this series describes the mechanisms and types of rejection and the intravenous immunosuppressive drugs commonly used for induction or antirejection therapy. In this article, we review the commonly used oral immunosuppressive drugs. Intravenous corticosteroid methylprednisolone is included in the discussion of corticosteroids. Table 1 gives trade(More)
We and others have previously shown that carvedilol improves left ventricular (LV) function and symptoms in chronic heart failure. This improvement in LV function has also been shown to be associated with an improvement in survival. This study evaluates the effect of carvedilol on LV mass, geometry, and degree of mitral regurgitation (MR). In 59 patients(More)
AIMS Dilated cardiomyopathies from chronic ischaemia (ISCM) or idiopathic (IDCM) pathological mechanisms are accompanied by similar clinical symptoms but may differ in protein expression, cell metabolism, and signalling processes at the cellular level. Using a combination of proteomic and metabolomic profiling, we sought to decipher the relationships(More)