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BACKGROUND Beta-blocker therapy may improve cardiac function in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. We tested the hypothesis that beta-blocker therapy produces favorable functional effects in dilated cardiomyopathy by altering the expression of myocardial genes that regulate contractility and pathologic hypertrophy. METHODS We randomly(More)
Polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been shown to correlate with circulating ACE concentrations, and also to be an independent risk factor for the development of myocardial infarction, particularly in men thought to be at low risk by standard criteria. We determined the genotypes of individuals with end-stage heart failure due(More)
S urvival after heart transplantation has improved considerably over the past 20 years. Half of all patients now live Ͼ9 years, and Ϸ25% live Ն17 years. 1 Currently, Ϸ20 000 heart transplant recipients live in the United States. 2 Improved longevity means prolonged immunosuppression and the concomitant use of drugs to prevent or treat the long-term(More)
P art I of this series describes the mechanisms and types of rejection and the intravenous immunosuppressive drugs commonly used for induction or antirejection therapy. In this article, we review the commonly used oral immunosuppres-sive drugs. Intravenous corticosteroid methylprednisolone is included in the discussion of corticosteroids. Table 1 gives(More)
There is minimal in vivo data in humans evaluating myocardial substrate utilization during increased heart work. This study was performed to determine the balance of myocardial glucose and lactate metabolism during rest and increased heart work induced by atrial pacing in seven healthy men and women (age, 49.7 +/- 3.9 years; body mass index, 23.4 +/- 1.1 kg(More)
BACKGROUND The cytoskeleton plays an important role in maintaining cell structure and integrity. Defects in cytoskeletal proteins can cripple cell strength and may cause cardiomyopathy. We analyzed heart tissues from subjects with dilated cardiomyopathy for abnormalities in the cardiac cytoskeleton. Metavinculin, a cardiac isoform of the cytoskeletal(More)
BACKGROUND Quality of life (QOL) was a prespecified secondary end point in the Beta-Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial. The Beta-Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial used four QOL questionnaires to evaluate patient health status over time in response to treatment with placebo or bucindolol. The goal of the current study was to determine the relationship(More)
BACKGROUND Human brain natriuretic peptide (hBNP) is a promising agent for the treatment of decompensated cardiac failure. However, the systemic hemodynamic, neurohormonal, and renal effects of hBNP have been incompletely studied in human heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS The effects of a continuous 4-hour infusion of hBNP were determined in 16(More)
OBJECTIVES This was a retrospective analysis to determine the effect of diabetes on outcome in patients with advanced heart failure (HF), and to determine the effect of beta-blockade in patients with HF with and without diabetes mellitus. BACKGROUND In chronic HF the impact on clinical outcomes and therapeutic response of the prevalent comorbid condition(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenergic activation is an important determinant of outcomes in chronic heart failure. Adrenergic activity is regulated in part by prejunctional alpha(2C)-adrenergic receptors (ARs), which exhibit genetic variation in humans. Bucindolol is a novel beta-AR blocking agent that also lowers systemic norepinephrine and thus is also a sympatholytic(More)