Brian D. Hoit

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The goal of the study was to determine whether defects in intracellular Ca(2+) signaling contribute to cardiomyopathy in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Depression in cardiac systolic and diastolic function was traced from live diabetic rats to isolated individual myocytes. The depression in contraction and relaxation in myocytes was found in(More)
Increases in type 1 phosphatase (PP1) activity have been observed in end stage human heart failure, but the role of this enzyme in cardiac function is unknown. To elucidate the functional significance of increased PP1 activity, we generated models with (i) overexpression of the catalytic subunit of PP1 in murine hearts and (ii) ablation of the PP1-specific(More)
The beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2AR), an important modulator of cardiac inotropy and chronotropy, has significant genetic heterogeneity in the population. Because dysfunctional betaARs play a role in the pathogenesis of the failing ventricle, we tested the hypothesis that beta2AR polymorphisms alter the outcome of congestive heart failure. 259 patients(More)
We examined, in age subsets, 2643 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Clinical features and 1 year morbidity and mortality were compared in 203 young patients (less than 45 years), 1671 patients 46 to 70 years old, and 769 elderly patients (greater than 70 years). Ninety-two percent of young patients were men, and a family history of premature(More)
Increased cardiovascular mortality occurs in diabetic patients with or without coronary artery disease and is attributed to the presence of diabetic cardiomyopathy. One potential mechanism is hyperglycemia that has been reported to activate protein kinase C (PKC), preferentially the beta isoform, which has been associated with the development of micro- and(More)
Calsequestrin is a high capacity Ca2+-binding protein in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) lumen. To elucidate the functional role of calsequestrin in vivo, transgenic mice were generated that overexpressed mouse cardiac calsequestrin in the heart. Overexpression (20-fold) of calsequestrin was associated with cardiac hypertrophy and induction of a fetal gene(More)
  • Brian D Hoit
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology
  • 2014
The author examines the ability of left atrial size and function to predict cardiovascular outcomes. Data are sufficient to recommend evaluation of left atrial volume in certain populations, and although analysis of atrial reservoir, conduit, and booster pump function trails in that regard, the gap is rapidly closing. In this state-of-the-art paper, the(More)
BACKGROUND There has not been a noninvasive in vivo longitudinal evaluation of cardiac function in diabetic rats. The objective of this study is to examine the time course of development of cardiac dysfunction in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiac function was evaluated by M-mode and Doppler echocardiography in(More)
BACKGROUND The Gly16 beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR) polymorphism is a common variant of the beta(2)AR that displays depressed function caused by enhanced receptor downregulation in vitro compared with the Arg16 receptor. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 20 healthy, normotensive, nonsmoking white individuals who were homozygous for either the Arg16(More)
The echocardiographic assessment of regional myocardial function plays a critical role in the diagnosis and management of ischemic heart disease and in most laboratories relies on the visual detection of endocardial wall motion abnormalities and assessment of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. However, this approach is subjective and operator(More)