Brian D Armstrong

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Persistent activation of Stat3 is oncogenic and is prevalent in a wide variety of human cancers. Chronic cytokine stimulation is associated with Stat3 activation in some tumors, implicating cytokine receptor-associated Jak family kinases. Using Jak2 inhibitors, we demonstrate a central role of Jaks in modulating basal and cytokine-induced Stat3 activation(More)
Peripheral nerve injury models are used to investigate processes that can potentially be exploited in CNS injury. A consistent change that occurs in injured peripheral neurons is an induction in expression of pituitary adenylyl cyclase activating peptide (PACAP), a neuropeptide with putative neuroprotective and neuritogenic actions. PACAP-deficient mice(More)
Attempts to explain the clear seasonality of rotavirus infections have been made by relating disease incidence to climate factors; however, few studies have disentangled the effects of weather from other factors that might cause seasonality. We investigated the relationships between hospital visits for rotavirus diarrhoea and temperature, humidity and river(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare short-term and long-term effectiveness of the Arthritis Self-Help Course (ASHC) and the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) for persons with arthritis concerning health care use, health-related quality of life, health behaviors, and arthritis self-efficacy. METHODS Forty-eight workshops were randomized to the ASHC (n = 26)(More)
1. Extracellular field potentials and single unit responses have been recorded from the inferior olive of the cat following stimulation of the surface of the contralateral paramedian lobule of the cerebellum, and of the ipsilateral cerebral cortex. 2. Cerebellar stimulation results in antidromic invasion of inferior olivary neurones via the climbing fibres.(More)
Damage to serotonin (5-HT) terminals following doses of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is well documented, and this toxicity is thought to be related to dopamine release that is potentiated by the 5-HT(2A/2C) agonist effects of the drug. Although MDMA and methamphetamine (METH) have some similar dopaminergic activities, they differ in their 5-HT(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) has previously been shown to improve asthma control out to 2 years in patients with severe persistent asthma. OBJECTIVE We sought to assess the effectiveness and safety of BT in asthmatic patients 5 years after therapy. METHODS BT-treated subjects from the Asthma Intervention Research 2 trial(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with severe refractory asthma treated with bronchial thermoplasty (BT), a bronchoscopic procedure that improves asthma control by reducing excess airway smooth muscle, were followed up for 5 years to evaluate long-term safety of this procedure. OBJECTIVES To assess long-term safety of BT for 5 years. METHODS Patients with asthma aged(More)
The neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) are induced strongly in neurons after several types of injury, and exhibit neuroprotective actions in vitro and in vivo. It is thought that changes in expression of neuropeptides and other molecules in injured neurons are mediated by new factors(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in the treatment of severe persistent asthma out to at least 1 year. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that the reduction in airway smooth muscle after bronchial thermoplasty persists out to at least 3 years. OBJECTIVES To examine the persistence of effectiveness of(More)