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Interest in boron as a naturally occurring trace element nutrient from the food supply is increasing. Mounting evidence suggests that boron is essential to human beings. This study explores the major food and beverage contributors of boron and estimates of daily boron intake from the American diet. Previous estimates in the literature of dietary boron(More)
– Computer Networks connected to the Internet continue to be compromised and exploited by hackers. This is in spite of the fact that many networks run some type of security mechanism at their connection to the Internet. Large Enterprise Networks, such as the network for a major university, are very inviting targets to hackers who are looking to exploit(More)
Boron treatment of rats, mice, and dogs has been associated with testicular toxicity, characterized by inhibited spermiation at lower dose levels and a reduction in epididymal sperm count at higher dose levels. The no-adverse-effect level for reproductive effects in male rats is 17.5mg B/kg bw/day. Earlier studies in human workers and populations have not(More)
OBJECTIVES (1) To assess the relation between occupationally relevant exposures to dust of boric acid and magnitude of feel in the eye, nose, and throat during activity (pedaling) equal to light industrial work. (2) To compare feel from the dust of boric acid with that of the alkaline dusts calcium oxide and sodium tetraborate pentahydrate (sodium borate).(More)
Occupational exposure limits (OELs) for irritant dusts have had no quantifiable bases. This study (1) charted chemosensory feel, denoted chemesthesis here, to dusts of calcium oxide (1 to 5 mg/m(3)), sodium tetraborate pentahydrate [sodium borate] (5 to 40 mg/m(3)), and calcium sulfate (10 to 40 mg/m(3)); (2) examined correlates of the chemesthetic(More)
Daily dietary-boron intake and on-the-job inspired boron were compared with blood- and urine-boron concentrations in workers engaged in packaging and shipping borax. Fourteen workers handling borax at jobs of low, medium, and high dust exposures were sampled throughout full shifts for 5 consecutive days each. Airborne borax concentrations ranged from means(More)
Boron, the fifth element in the periodic table, is ubiquitous in nature. It is present in food and in surface and ocean waters, and is frequently used in industrial, cosmetic, and medical settings. Exposure to boron and related compounds has been recently implicated as a potential cause of chronic kidney disease in Southeast Asia. This observation prompted(More)
Neurologic examination, nerve conduction testing and electro-oculographic testing have been performed at a baseline examination and a follow-up examination in a group of lead workers with blood lead levels predominantly between 60 and 80 micrograms/dl and in a group of control workers. A statistically significant decreased saccade accuracy measurement in(More)
Genetic and environmental influences on the phenotypic expressions of several biological markers were studied in 18 monozygous (MZ) and 8 dizygous (DZ) twin pairs. Zygosity was determined using ABO, Rh, and HLA. The biomarkers studied included: T & B lymphocytes, suppressor and helper T lymphocytes (T gamma, T mu), T cell (PHA) mitogen activation (MA),(More)