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Chicks genetically selected for low juvenile body weight had a lower threshold of central insulin-induced decreased food and water intake and whole blood glucose concentration than those selected for juvenile high body weight. Plasma corticosterone concentration was increased but not differently between lines. Therefore, selection may have affected insulin(More)
The anorexigenic 20 amino acid neuropeptide S (NPS) has not been studied in an animal model of hypo- or hyperphagia. The present study aimed to elucidate whether central NPS appetite-related effects are different in lines of chickens that had undergone long-term divergent selection for low (LWS) or high (HWS) body weight and that were hypo- and hyperphagic,(More)
Neuropeptide S (NPS) affects appetite-related processes in mammals. However, its role in avian biology is unreported. We hypothesized that intracerebroventricular (ICV) NPS would cause anorexigenic effects in chicks (Gallus gallus). To evaluate this, Cobb-500 chicks were centrally injected with multiple doses (0, 0.313, 0.625 and 1.250 mug) of NPS.(More)
Effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) on feed intake were evaluated in two lines of White Plymouth Rock chickens that have been selected from a common base population for high (HWS) or low (LWS) juvenile body weight. Both lines responded with reduced feed intake after ICV CRF; however, the threshold of(More)
Chicks that have undergone long-term selection for low body weight responded to intracerebroventricular amylin injection with reduced food intake at a dose considerably lower and with a greater magnitude suppression than those selected for high body weight. Behaviors unrelated to ingestion were not affected. These data support the thesis of correlated(More)
The central mechanism that mediates stresscopin (SCP)-induced satiety is poorly understood, and its effect on avian appetite is not documented. Thus, this study was conducted to elucidate some of the central and behavioral mechanisms that are associated with SCP-induced satiety using broiler- and layer-type chicks (Gallus gallus) as model organisms. In(More)
Intracerebroventricular injection of visfatin caused increased feed intake and pecking efficiency, but did not affect water intake in chicks. Visfatin-treated chicks had increased c-Fos immunoreactivity in the lateral hypothalamus, decreased reactivity in the ventromedial hypothalamus and the dorsomedial hypothalamus, infundibular nucleus, periventricular(More)
The melanocortin system together with other appetite-related systems plays a significant role in appetite regulation. The appetite-related effects of one such melanocortin, beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), are well documented in rodents; however, its effects in the avian class are not thoroughly understood. Thus, we designed a study to determine(More)
We studied the effects of alytesin, a natural analogue of bombesin, on appetite-related responses and behaviors in neonatal chicks. Chicks responded to both intracerebroventricular (ICV) and peripheral injections of alytesin with short-term reduced feed intake. ICV alytesin caused reduced short-term water intake when feed was present, but we determined this(More)
Increasingly, private and military consumers are becoming aware of the positive benefits of a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) as health claims range from reducing inflammation to improving mood. The number of positive scientific articles supporting these claims is rapidly increasing, leading the military to examine the possibility of omega-3(More)