Brian C Cholewa

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Retinoids exert antiproliferative and prodifferentiating effects in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and reduce neointimal mass in balloon-injured blood vessels. The mechanisms through which retinoids carry out these effects are unknown but likely involve retinoid receptor-mediated changes in gene expression. Here we report the cloning, chromosomal(More)
Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) expresses a large amount of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity. The present study was designed to characterize the transport of NOS substrate, L-arginine, in a suspension of bulk-isolated IMCD cells from the Sprague-Dawley rat kidney. Biochemical transport(More)
AIM The present experiments were designed to determine the mechanism(s) for increased sensitivity to blockade of the renin-angiotensin system in mice in comparison with rats. METHODS Mice and rats, with indwelling femoral arterial and venous catheters, were chronically administered angiotensin II or pharmacological inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin(More)
The present studies were performed to quantify circulating components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis and to determine the functional importance of this system during alterations in sodium intake in conscious mice. Increasing sodium intake from approximately 200 to 1,000 microeq/day significantly decreased plasma renin concentration from 472 +/-(More)
The present experiments were performed to determine the influence of intravenous administration of renin substrate on plasma angiotensin II levels and mean arterial blood pressure in conscious C57BL/6J mice. Mice with chronic indwelling femoral arterial and venous catheters were acutely or chronically administered intravenous doses of a synthetic peptide(More)
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