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Palaeontologists characterize mass extinctions as times when the Earth loses more than three-quarters of its species in a geologically short interval, as has happened only five times in the past 540 million years or so. Biologists now suggest that a sixth mass extinction may be under way, given the known species losses over the past few centuries and(More)
Currently available digital EEG equipment provides considerably greater opportunities for clinical data analysis than is generally appreciated especially when appropriate software is used. Data from 7 different laboratories that had been obtained for routine diagnostic evaluations on 7 different EEG instruments and stored on compact disks were investigated.(More)
BACKGROUND After noting a dramatic reduction in aggression and agitation in five psychotic inpatients residing on a specialized unit for the severely aggressive, the authors conducted a retrospective chart review to assess the possible role of clozapine treatment in this change. METHOD The authors culled 12 months of nursing data, including progress(More)
Prevocalic and postvocalic /1/ were investigated in three adult subjects utilizing a combination of electropalatographic and acoustic techniques. Results indicated that prevocalic /1/ was characterized by both alveolar and lateral lingua-palatal contact, while postvocalic /1/ was primarily alveolar contact only. Acoustically, prevocalic /1/ had a lower(More)
Human impacts have left and are leaving distinctive imprints in the geological record. Here we show that in North America, the human-caused changes evident in the mammalian fossil record since c. 14,000 years ago are as pronounced as earlier faunal changes that subdivide Cenozoic epochs into the North American Land Mammal Ages (NALMAs). Accordingly, we(More)
''Organisms are not billiard balls, propelled by simple and measurable external forces to predictable new positions on life's pool table. Sufficiently complex systems have greater richness. Organisms have a history that constrains their future in myriad, subtle ways.''—Stephen Jay Gould (1980: 16) [1] What is the relationship between exter-nal—physical and(More)
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