Brian Addis Costello

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BACKGROUND Extracellular microRNAs (miRNAs) embedded in circulating exosomes may serves as prognostic biomarkers in cancer. OBJECTIVE To identify and evaluate plasma exosomal miRNAs for prognosis in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS RNA sequencing was performed to identify candidate exosomal miRNAs associated(More)
Contraction of skeletal muscle is triggered by release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In this study, highly purified normal and dystrophic mouse sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles were compared with respect to calcium release characteristics. Sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles were actively loaded with calcium in the presence of an ATP-regenerating(More)
BACKGROUND Although a role for resection of solitary metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been described, the utility of surgery in patients with multiple sites of disease has been less well defined. The authors report the survival of patients who underwent complete metastasectomy for multiple RCC metastases. METHODS The authors identified 887(More)
BACKGROUND Although partial nephrectomy (PN) has been associated with improved renal function compared with radical nephrectomy (RN) for renal cell carcinoma, the impact on overall survival (OS) remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To evaluate comparative OS and renal function in patients following PN and RN for a renal mass where malignancy was not a(More)
Lycium barbarum L. (Solanaceae) is a Chinese medicinal plant whose fruits (Fructus Lycii) are used by Chinese physicians for treatment of infertility. However, the active ingredients and the mechanism of action underlying Lycium's fertility-facilitating effects remain unknown. Here we report that Fructus Lycii polysaccharides (FLPS) inhibit time- and(More)
PURPOSE The relative effectiveness of partial vs radical nephrectomy remains unclear in light of the recent phase 3 European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer trial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of partial vs radical nephrectomy for localized renal tumors, considering all cause and cancer specific mortality, and(More)
PURPOSE Despite benefits in functional renal outcome and the similar oncological efficacy of partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma, previous studies show marked underuse of partial nephrectomy. We describe national trends in partial and radical nephrectomy using a contemporary, population based cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using the 2003 to 2008(More)
Pacemaker infection with Mycobacterium fortuitum has not been reported previously. We describe a case of pacemaker generator pocket infection and intravascular lead endocarditis due to Mycobacterium fortuitum. The entire pacing system was removed and the patient was treated successfully with a multidrug regimen for a total of 6 months.
We have recently described a preparation of junctional terminal cisternae (JTC) from fast skeletal muscle of rabbit hind leg. The fraction differs from other heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) fractions in that it contains a substantial amount of junctional face membrane (JFM) (15-20% of the membrane) with morphologically well-defined junctional feet(More)
BACKGROUND Patients at higher than average risk of heritable cancer may process risk information differently than the general population. However, little is known about clinical, demographic, or psychosocial predictors that may impact risk perception in these groups. The objective of this study was to characterize factors associated with perceived risk of(More)