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We demonstrate the use of gold nanorods as bright contrast agents for two-photon luminescence (TPL) imaging of cancer cells in a three-dimensional tissue phantom down to 75 mum deep. The TPL intensity from gold-nanorod-labeled cancer cells is 3 orders of magnitude brighter than the two-photon autofluorescence (TPAF) emission intensity from unlabeled cancer(More)
Reversible electrochemical injection of discrete numbers of electrons into sterically stabilized silicon nanocrystals (NCs) (approximately 2 to 4 nanometers in diameter) was observed by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in N,N'-dimethylformamide and acetonitrile. The electrochemical gap between the onset of electron injection and hole injection-related(More)
Aptamers that bind to prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) were conjugated to luminescent CdSe and CdTe nanocrystals for cell-labeling studies. The aptamer-nanocrystal conjugates showed specific targeting of both fixed and live cells that overexpressed PSMA. More importantly, aptamers were able to label cells dispersed in a collagen gel matrix(More)
Progress toward a molecular characterization of cancer would have important clinical benefits; thus, there is an important need to image the molecular features of cancer in vivo. In this paper, we describe a comprehensive strategy to develop inexpensive, rugged and portable optical imaging systems for molecular imaging of cancer, which couples the(More)
To utilize high-capacity Si anodes in next-generation Li-ion batteries, the physical and chemical transformations during the Li-Si reaction must be better understood. Here, in situ transmission electron microscopy is used to observe the lithiation/delithiation of amorphous Si nanospheres; amorphous Si is an important anode material that has been less(More)
The separation method, flow field-flow fractionation (flow FFF), is coupled on-line with multiangle laser light scattering (MALLS) for simultaneous measurement of the size and concentration of vesicles eluting continuously from the fractionator. These size and concentration data, gathered as a function of elution time, may be used to construct both number-(More)
Semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (qdots) are now being explored in applications requiring active cellular interfaces, such as biosensing and therapeutics in which information is passed from the qdot to the biological system, or vice versa, to perform a function. These applications may require surface coating chemistry that is different from what is(More)
Ligand-stabilized copper selenide (Cu(2-x)Se) nanocrystals, approximately 16 nm in diameter, were synthesized by a colloidal hot injection method and coated with amphiphilic polymer. The nanocrystals readily disperse in water and exhibit strong near-infrared (NIR) optical absorption with a high molar extinction coefficient of 7.7 × 10(7) cm(-1) M(-1) at 980(More)
Hybrids of hydrophobic sub-2-nm-diameter dodecanethiol-coated Au nanoparticles and phosphatidylcholine (PC) lipid vesicles made by extrusion were examined by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryoTEM). The nanoparticles loaded the vesicles as a dense monolayer in the hydrophobic core of the lipid bilayer, without disrupting their structure.(More)
Surface oxidation and chemical passivation of single-crystal Ge nanowires with diameters ranging between 7 and 25 nm were studied. The surface chemistry differs significantly from that of well-studied monolithic atomically smooth single-crystal substrates. High-resolution Ge 3d XPS measurements reveal that Ge nanowires with chemically untreated surfaces(More)