Learn More
AIM To determine the consequences of renal calcification in preterm infants. METHODS A cohort of 11 preterm babies was studied at the age of 4 to 5 years. They had had renal calcification as neonates. Seventeen matched controls were also studied. Each child had a renal ultrasound scan, a calcium load test, and a desmopressin test for renal concentrating(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the seroconversion rate and duration of persistence of protective antibody titres after varicella immunisation in children with renal failure. DESIGN 32 children (25 end stage and 7 pre-end stage renal failure) were immunised using 2 x 2,000 plaque forming unit doses of varicella vaccine 3 months apart. Varicella antibody titres(More)
In a previous study, 8 of 28 ex-preterm infants, aged 4–5 years, had increased urinary calcium excretion. The aim of this study was to confirm this finding and to determine if raised urinary calcium excretion is associated with reduced bone mineralisation. Forty-six ex-preterm children, aged 7–9 years, and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were recruited.(More)
A histological review of 86 pediatric nephrectomy specimens from patients with vesicoureteric reflux (with or without apparent obstruction at the vesicoureteric junction) investigated the relationship between the presence and extent of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and coexisting renal hypoplasia and postnatally acquired cortical damage.(More)
We studied 13 children subjected to elective tonsillectomy, 6 of whom (study patients) received supplemental intravenous isotonic saline during and after operation, and 7 of whom (controls) did not. Clinical and biochemical evidence of hypovolaemia was present in the control but not in the study patients. Plasma antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and urine(More)
Intravenous (IV) iron treatment reduces erythropoietin (EPO) dose in paediatric haemodialysis patients. The efficacy in paediatric nonhaemodialysis patients is less well established. IV iron is routinely given in our institution to these patients, including some who have not started EPO. The effect of this strategy was examined. Patients with chronic kidney(More)
Compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis after urinary tract infection was assessed in 32 children, using a parent questionnaire, and a urine test for antibacterial substances. In 31 (97%) cases, parents reported giving the antibiotics every day but only 22 (69%) of urine tests were positive. Failure to understand the reasons for prophylaxis and(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the value of an intravenous urogram (i.v.U) in patients with abnormal differential (99m)Tc dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) uptake without scarring or ultrasound abnormality. STUDY DESIGN Forty patients (age 0-19 years) were identified over a two year period in whom the differential renal uptake was >10%, who had smooth renal outlines,(More)
Hyponatraemia implies water retention in excess of sodium with or without increased loss of sodium from the body; extracellular fluid volume may be increased, normal or reduced. It has many causes which are briefly reviewed. Among these is the rare syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). It is suggested that SIADH is often(More)
Investigations linking sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and type II intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) have thus far failed due in part to technical limitations. Recently developed stereological methods for the unbiased estimation of total nephron number in the human kidney are capable of detecting deviations from normal values of greater than 10%.(More)