Brian A. Jackson

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Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urine flow (UV), renal tubular transport maximum for glucose (TMG), and single nephron glomerular filtration rate (SNGFR), determined in anesthetized norepinephrine-infused trout (Salmo gairdneri), were 18.51 +/- 5.78 microliter x min-1 x kg body wt-1, 5.31 +/- 1.38 microliter x min-1 x kg body wt-1, 105.21 +/- 46.84(More)
Replacing the G-protein-coupling domains of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor with homologous domains of putative olfactory receptors produced chimeric receptors which were able to stimulate pigment dispersion in Xenopus melanophores, a G-protein-mediated pathway. A multiple replacement chimera containing the second, third and C-terminal cytoplasmic domains of(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is an antioxidant and anticarcinogen that is present in plant and animal tissues that form the bulk of the human diet. Recent studies show that GSH is absorbed intact in rat small intestine and that oral GSH increases plasma GSH concentration in humans. To provide a database for epidemiological studies of dietary intake of GSH and risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Guanylin (GN) and uroguanylin (UGN) are intestinally derived peptide hormones that are similar in structure and activity to the diarrhea-causing Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxins (STa). These secretagogues have been shown to affect fluid, Na+, K+, and Cl- transport in both the intestine and kidney, presumably by intracellular cyclic(More)
1. Trout kidney slices incubated in the presence of14C-sodium ferrocyanide accumulated radioactivity. Uptake by individual nephroi increased with time, stabilizing after 30 min. The greater the concentration of radioactivity the greater the uptake per mm of tubule, while reduced specific activity inhibited14C uptake. 2. The renal excretory pattern(More)
Active and total (trypsin-activated) kallikrein were measured in discrete segments of the nephron by their kininogenase activity. The kinins generated were measured by radioimmunoassay and the amount of inactive kallikrein was calculated as the difference between total and active kallikrein. Single nephrons from collagenase-treated rabbit kidneys (N = 12)(More)
Among other defects in water metabolism, adrenal insufficiency is associated with an inability to concentrate urine maximally in both man and experimental animals. Recent studies in the rabbit cortical collecting tubule have suggested indirectly that this defect may result from impaired cyclic AMP (cAMP) formation in response to antidiuretic hormone(More)
Guanylin and uroguanylin are newly discovered intestinal peptides that have been shown to affect NaCl transport in both the intestine and kidney. The present study tests the hypothesis that guanylin and uroguanylin mRNA expression in each major region of the intestine is regulated by NaCl intake. Semiquantitative multiplex RT-PCR analysis was used to(More)
The papillary collecting duct (PCD) is considered to be of major importance in the final elaboration of the urine, but the metabolism of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) has not yet been directly studied in the PCD. Therefore, in the present study we examined the basic properties of the cAMP system in isolated PCD microdissected from rat kidney.(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether vasopressin affects NaCl reabsorption in the medullary thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle when administered selectively to the luminal membrane. At 5 x 10(-6) M and 10(-8) M, luminal [Arg8]vasopressin significantly inhibited Cl- transport in the in vitro microperfused rat medullary thick ascending(More)