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Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) is implicated in the regulation of several physiological processes, including the control of glycogen and protein synthesis by insulin, modulation of the transcription factors AP-1 and CREB, the specification of cell fate in Drosophila and dorsoventral patterning in Xenopus embryos. GSK3 is inhibited by serine(More)
The PR65/A subunit of protein phosphatase 2A serves as a scaffolding molecule to coordinate the assembly of the catalytic subunit and a variable regulatory B subunit, generating functionally diverse heterotrimers. Mutations of the beta isoform of PR65 are associated with lung and colon tumors. The crystal structure of the PR65/Aalpha subunit, at 2.3 A(More)
Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) is a pivotal regulator of diverse metabolic, phenotypic, and antiapoptotic cellular controls and has been shown to be a key player in cancer progression. Here, using fluorescent reporters, we shown in cells that, contrary to in vitro analyses, 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) is complexed to its substrate, PKB.(More)
Protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation play a major role in intracellular signal transduction activated by extracellular stimuli. Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) is a central player in the signal transduction pathways activated in response to growth factors or insulin and is thought to contribute to several cellular functions including nutrient(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondria are central to the metabolism of cells and participate in many regulatory and signaling events. They are looked upon as dynamic tubular networks. We showed recently that the Carboxy-Terminal Modulator Protein (CTMP) is a mitochondrial protein that may be released into the cytosol under apoptotic conditions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Background—Serum-and glucocorticoid-responsive kinase-1 (SGK1), a serine-threonine kinase that is highly expressed in the heart, has been previously reported to regulate sodium channels. Because SGK1 is a PI 3-kinase– dependent kinase with structural homology to Akt, we examined its regulation in the heart and its effects on cardiomyocyte (CM) apoptosis and(More)
Mammalian microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) exists in high-molecular-weight (Mr approximately 280,000) and low-molecular-weight (Mr approximately 70,000) forms, with the latter protein being more abundant in embryonic brain homogenates than in preparations from mature brain (Riederer and Matus, 1985). In the current study, we have shown that avian(More)
BACKGROUND Human MST/hSAV/LATS/hMOB tumor suppressor cascades are regulators of cell death and proliferation; however, little is known about other functions of MST/hMOB signaling. Mob1p, one of two MOB proteins in yeast, appears to play a role in spindle pole body duplication (the equivalent of mammalian centrosome duplication). We therefore investigated(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase and its downstream effector kinase PKB/Akt have been suggested to have crucial roles in suppressing apoptosis in several classes of neurons. However, few studies have conducted a long-term investigation of either kinase activity, many studies relying instead on use of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitors wortmannin and(More)