Brian A Helfrich

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Whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) in mice was induced by 2-4-h exposure to radiant heat resulting in core body temperatures of 38.5-40.4 degrees C, and correlated directly with the magnitude and duration of heat treatment. Two-hour heat treatments in this temperature range did not consistently affect generation of antibody-forming cells in vivo, while 4-h(More)
Circulating lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell activity in cancer patients receiving recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2) therapy is confined to cells expressing the CD56- surface marker. However, CD56- cells from these patients but not normal individuals have been reported to exhibit LAK cytotoxicity only following in vitro activation with rIL-2. Studies(More)
Fumaramide derivatives were analyzed in solution by (1)H NMR spectroscopy and in the solid state by X-ray crystallography in order to characterize the formation of CH...O interactions under each condition and to thereby serve as models for these interactions in peptide and protein structure. Solutions of fumaramides at 10 mM in CDCl(3) were titrated with(More)
A number of substituted 9,10-dihydro-9,10-[1,2]benzenoanthracene-1,4,5,8-tetrones have been synthesized and their anticancer and antimalarial activities evaluated. A one-pot synthesis of 2,5,8-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydro-9,10-[1,2]benzenoanthracene-1,4-dione (4) was achieved by heating a mixture of 1,4-dimethoxyanthracene, methoxyhydroquinone, silver oxide, and(More)
By traditional definitions, NK cells can be activated by cytokines to exhibit two functionally distinct levels of cytotoxicity. Whereas IL-2-mediated activation of NK cells leads to the development of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cytotoxicity, characterized by the acquisition of cytolytic activity against NK-resistant targets, IFN-treated NK cells(More)
The results of a combined molecular dynamics/quantum chemistry pathology study of previously reported organic (diamondoid) tooltips for diamondoid mechanosynthesis (DMS) are presented. This study, employing the NanoHive@Home (NH@H) distributed computing project, produced 80,000 tooltip geometries used in 200,000 calculations optimized at either the(More)
Aging is associated with a decline in T-cell-dependent immune responses. As the number of T-cells remains relatively constant throughout life, the observed decline in T-cell function may reflect qualitative changes in the T-cells themselves or in the composition of the T-cell population. In this investigation, the quality of the T-cell response was studied(More)
The X-ray crystal structure determinations of twelve cocrystals involving iso-nicotinamide and a variety of carboxylic acids have revealed a very consistent pattern of hydrogen-bond preferences. The combination of a monocarboxylic acid, an amide, and a pyridine moiety leads, in every case, to discrete "supermolecules" (consisting of two molecules of(More)
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