Brian A. Croft

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This review categorizes the diversity of life-styles in the Phytoseiidae, based primarily on food habits and related biological and morphological traits. The life-styles proposed are as follows: Type I, specialized predators of Tetranychus species represented by the Phytoseiulus species; Type II, selective predators of tetranychid mites (most frequently(More)
Are Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) both specialized predators of spider mites? As part of a series of studies made to answer this question, responses by larvae were assessed in treatments either with or without prey (Tetranychus urticae Koch) and with either moderate or high relative humidities (a factor that may(More)
When 20 newly hatched larvae either of Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt), Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman), Amblyseius andersoni Chant or Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten were held in arenas without food at 95% RH and 20°C, the percentages of mites surviving to protonymphs were 5.0, 81.3, 86.3, and 83.8%, respectively. Unfed M. occidentalis larvae starved within 2–3(More)
We tested whether specialist and generalist phytoseiid mites differ in aggressiveness and prey choice in cannibalism and intraguild predation. Specialists tested were Galendromus occidentalis, Neoseiulus longispinosus, Phytoseiulus persimilis, and P. macropilis; tested were Amblyseius andersoni, Euseius finlandicus, E. hibisci, Kampimodromus aberrans,(More)
Phytoseiid mite larvae vary in size and feeding type. We compared larval size to feeding by larvae, cannibalism of larvae by adult females, egg and adult female size and the setae lengths of larvae and adults among 13 species. There was no relationship between size of larvae and either feeding by larvae or cannibalism of larvae by adult female mites.(More)
Predator-prey systems having a specialist predator often are over-exploitive, unstable and transient while similar systems having a generalist predator show less ßuctuation, more stability and regulation of prey at lower densities. These population dynamics also affect dispersal patterns between specialist and generalist predators. In this study, ambulatory(More)
The differential impact of Zetzellia mali on the phytoseiids Metaseiulus occidentalis and Typhlodromus pyri was studied in the laboratory and by analysis of population from orchard plots that contained either phytoseiid, similar numbers of prey mites and high or low densities of Z. mali. Five hypotheses were evaluated to explain why Z. mali had more impact(More)
Survival, developmental time, activity, feeding rates, and other biological aspects of immatures of Amblyseius fallacis, Amblyseius andersoni, Typhlodromus occidentalis and Typhlodromus pyri were examined in the laboratory in small arenas (2×2 cm) with different egg densities (0, 5, 10, 20 per 12 h) of the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Koch),(More)
Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) andTyphlodromus pyri Scheuten have complementary features/ traits that enable them to control effectively plant-feeding mites on apple. Populations of both predators gave as good or better biological control of the apple rust mite (Aculus schlechtendali Nalepa), European red mite (Panonychus ulmi Koch) and two-spotted(More)
Do adult females of oligophagous species such as Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) and Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) show less intra- and interspecific predation on phytoseiids when other foods are scarce than polyphagous species such as Amblyseius andersoni Chant and Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten? We caged single adult females of each species without food(More)