Brian A Brink

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Although hepatitis B infection is endemic in southern Africa, a changing epidemiology of the disease has recently been documented in the region. The authors surveyed migrant southern African male mineworkers during 1986 to establish the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B and D (delta) infection in their areas of origin. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)(More)
Chronic hepatitis B infection is an important cause of cirrhosis and subsequent hepatocellular carcinoma in South Africa. The disease can now be prevented by vaccination, but second-generation genetically engineered vaccines still necessitate planned allotment. We have tested 29,312 black southern African mineworkers for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)(More)
Bone marrow iron stores rise in proportion to the total body iron store in dietary iron overload. The situation in the genetic disorder of idiopathic hemochromatosis is not as clear. A method for measuring the storage iron concentration chemically on samples of bone marrow obtained by trephine needle biopsy was therefore developed. Its value as a measure of(More)
Two mutant derivatives of Rhizobium leguminosarum ANU843 defective in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were isolated. The LPS of both mutants lacked O antigen and some sugar residues of the LPS core oligosaccharides. Genetic regions previously cloned from another Rhizobium leguminosarum wild-type isolate, strain CFN42, were used to complement these mutants. One(More)
The effectiveness of a tablet containing a combination of rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide (Rifater; Mer-National) in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis was examined by comparing it with a previously evaluated four-drug regimen. Of 150 black goldminers with a first case of pulmonary tuberculosis, 69 were randomly allocated to receive the(More)
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