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The concept of semi-rigid fixation (SRF) has driven the development of spinal implants that utilize nonmetallic materials and novel rod geometries in an effort to promote fusion via a balance of stability, intra- and inter-level load sharing, and durability. The purpose of this study was to characterize the mechanical and biomechanical properties of a(More)
Video communication is moving beyond face-to-face discussions on desktop computers to sharing experiences out in the real world. We explored how mobile video could enable distributed family members to share experiences wherever they occurred - kids' sporting events, birthday parties, etc. We investigated how people used two technology probes to share(More)
Thirty-four patients were enrolled in a prospective randomized study comparing cast immobilization alone versus percutaneous pin fixation following closed reduction of distal radial metaphyseal fractures. Patients older than 10 years of age with greater than 30 degrees of dorsal angulation or with complete fracture displacement were eligible for enrollment.(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective analysis of 1078 spinal surgical procedures with lumbar pedicle screw placement at a single institution. OBJECTIVE Based on previously established normative values, triggered electromyographic stimulation (TrgEMG) was re-examined to evaluate its efficacy in determining screw malposition. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Threshold(More)
Biofeedback games help people maintain specific mental or physical states and are useful to help children with cognitive impairments learn to self-regulate their brain function. However, biofeedback games are expensive and difficult to create and are not sufficiently appealing to hold a child's interest over the long term needed for effective biofeedback(More)
STUDY DESIGN This was a retrospective study of 4,310 patients undergoing spinal surgery between 1994 and 2003. OBJECTIVES To examine the incidence and potential causality of unobtainable somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) and neurogenic mixed evoked potential (NMEP) data for a population of spinal surgery patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Patients(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review comparing physician workup of degenerative lumbosacral pathologies between different genders and ethnic groups. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether patient ethnicity and gender influence the workup and treatment of degenerative spinal pathologies. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Data from numerous studies suggest that patient(More)
It is now common knowledge that cervical radiculopathy, frequently caused by disc herniation and/or degeneration, will often improve without surgical intervention. Only a small percentage of patients with the severity of symptoms necessitate surgical treatment. Surgery for radiculopathy is indicated for motor weakness, progressive neurological deficits, and(More)
Biofeedback games help users maintain specific mental or physical states and are useful to help people with cognitive impairments learn to self-regulate their brain function. However, biofeedback games are expensive and difficult to create and are not sufficiently appealing to hold a user's interest over the long term. We present two systems that turn(More)
Biofeedback games help people maintain specific mental or physical states and are useful to help children with cognitive impairments learn to self-regulate their brain function. However, biofeedback games are expensive and difficult to create and are not sufficiently appealing to hold a child's interest over the long term needed for effective biofeedback(More)