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To examine the possible receptor-ligand pairs mediating adhesion of activated and "unactivated" platelets to leukocytes and the kinetics of leukocyte-platelet binding, we developed a flow cytometric assay using isolated cell fractions to accurately measure heterotypic cell adhesion, including both total leukocyte-platelet conjugate formation as well as the(More)
The chemokine IL-8 is found on the luminal side of vascular endothelial cells, where it is postulated to be immobilized during inflammation. In this study, we observed that immobilized IL-8 can stimulate neutrophils to firmly adhere to a substrate containing ICAM-1 in a static adhesion assay. Soluble IL-8 was then perfused over neutrophils rolling on(More)
Connexin 43 (Cx43) knockout mice and transgenic mice (CMV43) overexpressing the Cx43 gap junction gene exhibit heart defects involving the conotruncus and right ventricle. Based on the heart phenotype and Cx43 gene and transgene expression pattern, we previously proposed that the heart defects may reflect a role for gap junctions in the modulation of(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in many cellular processes. The stress-activated MAPK, p38, has been linked to inflammatory cytokine production and cell death following cellular stress. Here, we demonstrate focal ischemic stroke-induced p38 enzyme activation (i.e., phosphorylation) in the brain. The second generation p38 MAPK(More)
Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease that plays an essential role in osteoclast-mediated degradation of the organic matrix of bone. Knockout of the enzyme in mice, as well as lack of functional enzyme in the human condition pycnodysostosis, results in osteopetrosis. These results suggests that inhibition of the human enzyme may provide protection from bone(More)
The stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 has been linked to the production of inflammatory cytokines/mediators/inflammation and death/apoptosis following cell stress. In these studies, a second-generation p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB 239063 (IC(50) = 44 nM), was found to exhibit improved kinase selectivity and increased cellular (3-fold)(More)
The laboratory diagnosis of immune platelet destruction has relied predominantly on the presence or absence of megakaryocytes in bone marrow. Recently, examination of peripheral blood platelets for high RNA content (reticulated platelets) or for elevated levels of platelet-associated IgG have been suggested as less invasive diagnostic tests. We used(More)
In vitro and in vivo results are consistent with a critical role for NKX2.1, an epithelial homeodomain transcription factor in lung morphogenesis. Nkx2.1 null mutant embryos die at birth due to respiratory insufficiency caused by profoundly abnormal lungs. However, the precise role of NKX2.1 in the multistep process of lung structural morphogenesis and(More)
OBJECTIVE Complement activation is induced by cardiopulmonary bypass, and previous work found that late complement components (C5a, C5b-9) contribute to neutrophil and platelet activation during bypass. In the present study, we blocked C5b-9 formation during extracorporeal recirculation of whole blood to assess whether the membrane attack complex was(More)