Learn More
We performed a phase I/II study of the administration of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to patients with aplastic anemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. Doses ranging from 15 to 480 micrograms/m2 were administered as a one-hour or four-hour intravenous infusion daily for 7 days or as a 12-hour infusion for 14 days.(More)
Topotecan, a semisynthetic water-soluble analog of camptothecin, is the first topoisomerase I-directed drug to enter clinical trial in the United States in over 20 yr. In this study, 30-min infusions of topotecan were administered daily for 5 days every 3 weeks at doses ranging from 0.5 to 2.5 mg/m2. Topotecan is reversibly hydrolyzed in a pH-dependent(More)
Connexin 43 (Cx43) knockout mice and transgenic mice (CMV43) overexpressing the Cx43 gap junction gene exhibit heart defects involving the conotruncus and right ventricle. Based on the heart phenotype and Cx43 gene and transgene expression pattern, we previously proposed that the heart defects may reflect a role for gap junctions in the modulation of(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in many cellular processes. The stress-activated MAPK, p38, has been linked to inflammatory cytokine production and cell death following cellular stress. Here, we demonstrate focal ischemic stroke-induced p38 enzyme activation (i.e., phosphorylation) in the brain. The second generation p38 MAPK(More)
The chemokine IL-8 is found on the luminal side of vascular endothelial cells, where it is postulated to be immobilized during inflammation. In this study, we observed that immobilized IL-8 can stimulate neutrophils to firmly adhere to a substrate containing ICAM-1 in a static adhesion assay. Soluble IL-8 was then perfused over neutrophils rolling on(More)
An improved receptor assay for TSH receptor antibodies is described in which detergent-solubilized TSH receptors and 125I-labelled TSH are used. Normal human serum and immunoglobulin concentrates from normal serum showed little effect on the interaction between labelled TSH and detergent-solubilized receptors whereas immunoglobulin concentrates from some(More)
Complement activation contributes to the systemic inflammatory response induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. At the cellular level, cardiopulmonary bypass activates leukocytes and platelets; however the contribution of early (3a) versus late (C5a, soluble C5b-9) complement components to this activation is unclear. We used a model of simulated extracorporeal(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is an effective bone anabolic agent, but it must be administered parenterally. An orally active anabolic agent would provide a valuable alternative for treating osteoporosis. NPS 2143 is a novel, selective antagonist (a "calcilytic") of the parathyroid cell Ca(2+) receptor. Daily oral administration of NPS 2143 to osteopenic(More)
Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease that plays an essential role in osteoclast-mediated degradation of the organic matrix of bone. Knockout of the enzyme in mice, as well as lack of functional enzyme in the human condition pycnodysostosis, results in osteopetrosis. These results suggests that inhibition of the human enzyme may provide protection from bone(More)