Brett Macdonald

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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether recently developed in vivo high-resolution magnetic resonance-imaging and micro-finite element techniques can monitor changes in bone mechanical properties during long-term clinical trials aiming at evaluating the efficacy of new drugs for the treatment of osteoporosis. DESIGN Comparison of baseline and follow-up(More)
Measurement of microstructural parameters of trabecular bone noninvasively in vivo is possible with high-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. These measurements may prove useful in the determination of bone strength and fracture risk, but must be related to other measures of bone properties. In this study in vivo MR imaging was used to derive(More)
We aimed to clarify the event-related potentials (ERPs) involved in elicitation and habituation of the orienting reflex (OR), seeking parallels with two autonomic measures reflecting different stages in OR-related processing. Participants were presented with 8 unexpected innocuous novel tones to one ear at long variable inter-stimulus intervals, and(More)
This study examined autonomic measures and event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with elicitation and habituation of the basic Orienting Reflex (OR). Subjects received 16 innocuous tones with intensity alternating between 60 and 80 dB, at long inter-stimulus intervals. There was no stimulus-related task, so we could examine the effects of stimulus(More)
The phasic orienting reflex (OR) was investigated using single-trial data collected concurrently from 4 autonomic measures and event-related potentials (ERPs). In an auditory dishabituation paradigm, twelve indifferent tones of two intensities (60 or 80 dB, intensity change on trial 11, counterbalanced between subjects) were presented at very long(More)
Single-trial data from autonomic and ERP measures were used to capture the rapidly decreasing initial responses characteristic of the orienting reflex (OR) to repeated stimuli. Stimulus-response patterns were compared to determine central analogues of autonomic indices of processes leading to the OR, and the OR itself. Participants were presented with 12(More)
We aimed to clarify the event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with elicitation and habituation of the basic Orienting Reflex (OR). Participants were presented with 16 innocuous tones, alternating in intensity, at long variable inter-stimulus intervals, with no task. This allowed us to examine stimulus novelty and intensity effects in the absence of(More)
The phasic orienting reflex (OR) was investigated in two counterbalanced blocks of an auditory dishabituation paradigm differing in stimulus Significance (operationalised as tone counting). Twelve tones were presented at very long, randomly-varying interstimulus intervals (ISIs). Novelty and Significance were varied within subjects. Stimulus-response(More)
The effect of a single oral dose of caffeine was examined in a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled repeated-measures cross-over study. Eighteen children with AD/HD, aged between 8 and 13 years, were individually age- and gender-matched with a control group. All children participated in two sessions, one week apart. Skin conductance level (SCL) from a(More)
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