Brett M. Showalter

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The sensitivity to decomposition of the nitric oxide (NO) donor ion, 1-[2-(carboxylato)pyrrolidin-1-yl]diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (PROLI/NO), complicates direct electrophilic substitution to form useful prodrug derivatives. A modified general synthetic approach involving 1-[2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate ion (structure A, above) was(More)
Diazeniumdiolate ions [R2N-N(O)=N-O-] are of growing interest pharmacologically for their ability to generate up to two molar equivalents of bioactive nitric oxide (NO) spontaneously on protonating the amino nitrogen. Accordingly, their stability increases as the pH is raised. Here we show that the corresponding beta-glucosides [R2N-N(O)=N-O-Glc] decreased(More)
Glycosylated diazeniumdiolates of structure R 2 NN(O)dNO-R′ (R′) a saccharide residue) are potential prodrugs of the nitric oxide (NO)-releasing but acid-sensitive R 2 NN(O)dNO-ion. Moreover, cleaving the acid-stable glycosides under alkaline conditions provides a convenient protecting group strategy for diazeniumdiolate ions. Here, we report comparative(More)
Glycosylated diazeniumdiolates of structure R 2NN(O)NO-R' (R' = a saccharide residue) are potential prodrugs of the nitric oxide (NO)-releasing but acid-sensitive R 2NN(O)NO (-) ion. Moreover, cleaving the acid-stable glycosides under alkaline conditions provides a convenient protecting group strategy for diazeniumdiolate ions. Here, we report comparative(More)
New sulfoximine- and phenanthrene-based photochemical precursors to oxynitrenes have been developed. These precursors have been used to examine the chemistry and spectroscopy of oxynitrenes. The first EPR spectra of oxynitrenes are reported and are consistent with their triplet ground states. Additional support for the triplet ground state of oxynitrenes is(More)
1-Norbornyloxychlorocarbene (1-NorOCCl), 1-bicyclo[2.2.2]octyloxychlorocarbene (1-BcoOCCl), and 1-adamantyloxychlorocarbene (1-AdOCCl) were generated in dichloroethane (DCE) by photolysis of the appropriate diazirines. The exclusive product in each case was the bridgehead alkyl chloride formed by fragmentation of the carbene to [R(+) OC Cl(-)] ion pairs,(More)