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In vitro intrinsic metabolic clearance (CL(int)) is used routinely for compound selection in drug discovery; however, in vitro CL(int) often underpredicts in vivo clearance (CL). Forty-one proprietary compounds and 16 marketed drugs were selected to determine whether permeability and efflux status could influence the predictability of CL from in vitro(More)
The discovery of a series of small molecule alpha4beta2 nAChR potentiators is reported. The structure-activity relationship leads to potent compounds selective against nAChRs including alpha3beta2 and alpha3beta4 and optimized for CNS penetrance. Compounds increased currents through recombinant alpha4beta2 nAChRs, yet did not compete for binding with the(More)
Clinical human genetic studies have recently identified the tetrodotoxin (TTX) sensitive neuronal voltage gated sodium channel Nav1.7 (SCN9A) as a critical mediator of pain sensitization. Herein, we report structure-activity relationships for a novel series of 2,4-diaminotriazines that inhibit hNav1.7. Optimization efforts culminated in compound 52, which(More)
AMG 900 is a small molecule being developed as an orally administered, highly potent, and selective pan-aurora kinase inhibitor. The aim of the investigations was to characterize in vitro and in vivo pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of AMG 900 in preclinical species. AMG 900 was rapidly metabolized in liver microsomes and highly bound to plasma proteins in(More)
Structural modifications to the central portion of the N-arylamide oxadiazole scaffold led to the identification of N-arylpiperidine oxadiazoles as conformationally constrained analogs that offered improved stability and comparable potency and selectivity. The simple, modular scaffold allowed for the use of expeditious and divergent synthetic routes, which(More)
1. This study was designed to evaluate how the absence of P-glycoprotein (Pgp, Mdr1a), breast cancer-resistance protein (Bcrp, Abcg2) or both affects drug distribution into sciatic nerves, brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in rats. 2. Pgp substrate (loperamide), BCRP substrates (dantrolene and proprietary compound X) and dual substrates (imatinib and(More)
We previously reported that the accuracy of clearance (CL) prediction could be differentiated by permeability. CL was drastically under-predicted by in vitro metabolic intrinsic clearance (CL(int)) for compounds with low permeability (<5 × 10(-6) cm/s). We determined apparent uptake CL(int) by measuring initial disappearance from medium using attached rat(More)
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