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Coliform mastitis in dairy cattle frequently results in systemic disease with occasional deaths in association with endotoxic shock. Systemic anti-inflammatory therapy has been used to alter the course of endotoxic shock in severe cases. Use of anti-inflammatory therapy has been questioned on the basis that such treatment may compromise immune function and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the factors associated with the development of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among patients at a New York City Hospital and to investigate possible nosocomial transmission. DESIGN A retrospective case-control study and tuberculin skin test survey. PATIENTS Twenty-three patients with tuberculosis whose isolates were resistant to(More)
OBJECTIVE Investigate reports of tuberculosis in health care workers employed at a hospital with an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. DESIGN Case series of tuberculosis in health care workers, January 1, 1989, through May 31, 1992. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of M(More)
Trace metal export by stormwater runoff from a major road and local street in urban Sydney, Australia, is compared using pollutant yield rating curves derived from intensive sampling data. The event loads of copper, lead and zinc are well approximated by logarithmic relationships with respect to total event discharge owing to the reliable appearance of a(More)
Sydney estuary (Australia) catchment is substantially urbanised (80%) and small (480 km2) with a large population (2.5 million) and is therefore highly sensitive to anthropogenic influence. The Model for Urban Stormwater Improvement Conceptualisation used to model nutrient export to the estuary determined an average annual load of 475 t total nitrogen, 63.5(More)
Lesions of certain autonomic centers in the brain are known to alter feeding behavior, body weight, and influence the morphology and function of the pancreatic islets. Because marked reductions of food intake and body weight have been reported following damage to the substantia nigra (SN), we investigated the role of this brain area as a potential regulator(More)
Six weeks after vaccination with modified live feline parvovirus vaccine, a cat gave birth to five kittens, three of which died soon afterwards. The remaining two kittens (A and B) survived, but at 8 weeks of age were unable to walk and showed abnormal behaviour, with lack of menace and oculovestibular responses, and severe dysmetria. These signs suggested(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is the tenth leading cause of death in the U.S. and creates a $16.7 billion burden on the healthcare system every year. Sepsis is characterized by a severe uncontrolled inflammatory response to the infection. Various cells and mediators are activated, and the result is a complex interaction between the inflammation and coagulation cascades(More)
From September 1981 through April 1984, 20 patients at one hospital were identified with Ewingella americana pseudobacteremia. Case-control studies demonstrated an association between having a positive blood culture for E. americana and having blood for culture obtained simultaneously with blood obtained for coagulation studies (15 of 19 case patients(More)
From January 1990 to December 1991, 16 patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid, rifampin, and streptomycin were diagnosed at Elmhurst Hospital. Compared with other TB patients, MDR-TB patients were more likely to have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (14/16 vs. 21/204, P(More)