Brett D Shepard

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Bacteria of the genus Enterococcus are the main causes of highly antibiotic-resistant infections that are acquired in hospitals. Many clinical isolates of Enterococcus faecalis produce an exotoxin called cytolysin that contributes to bacterial virulence. In addition to its toxin activity, the cytolysin is bactericidal for nearly all Gram-positive organisms.(More)
Enterococci have emerged among the leading causes of nosocomial infection. With the goal of analyzing enterococcal genes differentially expressed in environments related to commensal or environmental colonization and infection sites, we adapted and optimized a method more commonly used in the study of eukaryotic gene expression, random arbitrarily primed(More)
Enterococci rank among leading causes of nosocomial bacteremia and urinary tract infection and are also a leading cause of community acquired subacute endocarditis. Limited evidence suggests that biological cues in serum and urine may play an important role in modulating enterococcal virulence at sites of infection. To determine the extent to which(More)
Enterococci possess a vast array of mechanisms to resist the lethal effects of most antimicrobial drugs currently approved for therapeutic use in humans, thus presenting a considerable therapeutic challenge. This review summarizes current concepts regarding the mechanisms of resistance, as well as the emergence, proliferation, and epidemiology of resistant(More)
We previously described a 15-kb genetic cluster consisting of 11 open reading frames (cps2A to cps2K) of Enterococcus faecalis FA2-2 that is responsible for the production of the serotype 2 capsular polysaccharide. By using transcriptional fusions to a promoterless lacZ gene, we identified two independent promoters related to the expression of the(More)
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