Brett A. Leav

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Cryptosporidium sp. is a significant cause of diarrheal disease, particularly in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in developing countries. We recently cloned and sequenced several alleles of the highly polymorphic single-copy Cryptosporidium parvum gene Cpgp40/15. This gene encodes a precursor protein that is proteolytically cleaved to(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of liver transplantation and there is an urgent need to develop therapies to reduce rates of HCV infection of transplanted livers. Approved therapeutics for HCV are poorly tolerated and are of limited efficacy in this patient population. Human monoclonal antibody HCV1 recognizes a highly-conserved linear(More)
Rapid allograft infection complicates liver transplantation (LT) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Pegylated interferon-α and ribavirin therapy after LT has significant toxicity and limited efficacy. The effect of a human monoclonal antibody targeting the HCV E2 glycoprotein (MBL-HCV1) on viral clearance was examined in a randomized, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated a correlation between Clostridium difficile anti-toxin A serum antibodies and protection against symptomatic disease and recurrence. METHODS A neutralizing monoclonal antibody to C. difficile toxin A (CDA1) developed by MBL and Medarex, Inc. was studied in a phase II, randomized, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND The simultaneous treatment of intact Noble rats with testosterone and estradiol-17 beta for 16 weeks consistently induces intraductal dysplasia exclusively in the dorsolateral lobe (DLP) of the prostate. The lesion closely resembles human prostatic dysplasia and is considered to be a preneoplastic alteration, since invasive carcinoma frequently(More)
Established methods for quantifying experimental Cryptosporidium infection are highly variable and subjective. We describe a new technique using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) that can be used to measure in vitro and in vivo laboratory infections with Cryptosporidium. We show for the first time that qPCR permits absolute quantification of the parasite(More)
Cryptosporidium spp. cause diarrheal disease worldwide. Innate immune responses mediating resistance to this parasite are not completely understood. To determine whether MyD88-dependent pathways play a role in resistance to Cryptosporidium parvum, we compared the course of infection in MyD88(-/-) mice to that in their wild-type (WT) littermate controls.(More)
Diphtheria antitoxin (DAT) has been the cornerstone of the treatment of Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection for more than 100 years. Although the global incidence of diphtheria has declined steadily over the last quarter of the 20th century, the disease remains endemic in many parts of the world, and significant outbreaks still occur. DAT is an equine(More)
BACKGROUND New therapies are needed to manage the increasing incidence, severity, and high rate of recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of two neutralizing, fully human monoclonal antibodies against C. difficile toxins A (CDA1) and B (CDB1). The antibodies were(More)
We have investigated the autocrine regulation of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) signaling by the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) and the insulin-like growth factor-II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor (IGF-IIR) in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, employing retroviruses encoding both IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGF-I and II mutants with reductions in(More)