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It has been more than a decade since the experimental demonstration that the thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes can exceed that of diamond, which has the highest thermal conductivity among naturally occurring materials. In spite of tremendous promise as a thermal material, results have been disappointing for practical thermal systems and applications(More)
Engineering efficient, directional electronic communication between living and nonliving systems has the potential to combine the unique characteristics of both materials for advanced biotechnological applications. However, the cell membrane is designed by nature to be an insulator, restricting the flow of charged species; therefore, introducing a(More)
Luminescent nanocrystals hold great potential for bioimaging because of their exceptional optical properties, but their use in live cells has been limited. When nanocrystals enter live cells, they are taken up in vesicles. This vesicular sequestration is persistent and precludes nanocrystals from reaching intracellular targets. Here, we describe a unique,(More)
Peptides derived from phage display typically show significantly weaker binding than their respective high affinity phage, which can bind to protein surfaces in a multivalent fashion. Here we show that mimicking key aspects of the multivalent architecture of the phage on an AB(5) dendritic wedge can enhance the affinity of a phage-display derived collagen(More)
Phage display is widely used for the selection of target-specific peptide sequences. Presentation of phage peptides on a multivalent platform can be used to (partially) restore the binding affinity. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the effects of valency, linker choice, and receptor density on binding affinity of a multivalent architecture, using(More)
A facile route to generate cyclic peptide nanotubes with tunable interiors is presented. By incorporating 3-amino-2-methylbenzoic acid in the D,L-alternating primary sequence of a cyclic peptide, a functional group can be presented in the interior of the nanotubes without compromising the formation of high aspect ratio nanotubes. The new design of such a(More)
Porous thin films containing subnanometer channels oriented normal to the surface exhibit unique transport and separation properties and can serve as selective membranes for separation and protective coatings. While molecularly defined nanoporous inorganic and organic materials abound, generating flexible nanoporous thin films with highly aligned channels(More)
The active sites of metalloenzymes are often deeply buried inside a hydrophobic protein sheath, which protects them from undesirable hydrolysis and polymerization reactions, allowing them to achieve their normal functions. In order to mimic the hydrophobic environment of the active sites in bacterial monooxygenases, diiron(II) compounds of the general(More)
Proton conduction is essential in biological systems. Oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria, proton pumping in bacteriorhodopsin, and uncoupling membrane potentials by the antibiotic Gramicidin are examples. In these systems, H(+) hop along chains of hydrogen bonds between water molecules and hydrophilic residues - proton wires. These wires also support(More)